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Yoga Vashisht

June 18, 2012

PART II - CHAPTER 11

YOGAVASHISHT - PART II

CHAPTER 11

REGARDING THOUGHT AND CONTEMPLETION

Rishi Vashish continued with his discourse regarding gatekeepers at the entrance door leading to Moksha (Liberation).

RISHI VASHISHT: O Ram Ji! The second gate keeper’s Name is VICHAR (Thought). VICHAR manifests in the mind when the mind is pure. In the jungle of Agyan, a tree grows which is bearer of troubles and grief. The mighty tree of Agyan can the felled only with the axe of VICHAR. Only when the tree of Agyan is felled, then you will be free of body-consciousness, and reach the state of tranquillity. Mighty elephant of attachment tramples the Lotus of mind of man. The huge elephant can be eliminated only by the lion named VICHAR.

O Ram Ji! A king first gives a thought to something which needs to be done, and then follows it up by Pursharth. By this process only a king can successfully rule his country. Four things can be achieved by VICHAR. They are Bala (Power or strength), Tej (enlightenment), Budhi (intelligence), Padarth (Material wealth). A person who takes support of VICHAR, he only achieves anything and everything which he strives for. Hence VICHAR is the greatest friend of man.

O Ram Ji! Kama (pleasure), Arth (Security), Dharma (righteousness) and Moksha (Liberation); the four Purshrthas are also obtained only with the help of VICHAR. A person who understands the difference between Sat (True) and Asat (untrue) is also with the help of VICHAR.

O Ram Ji! All the Krmas (actions) performed with due thinking and application of mind are always beneficial.

O Ram Ji! Where there is light, there cannot be darkness. Similarly where there is VICHAR, fears lurking due to worldly interactions and dealings just disappear. But, where the actions are performed without giving proper thought, the fears will always be there, which will ultimately lead to miseries and grief.

O Ram Ji! Vivek (Discrimination or conscience) is like a Raja (king) and VICHAR is like his Flag. Wherever Raja goes, his flag goes there first. Hence Vivek and Vichar cannot be separated from each other. Even persons with limited understanding, have crossed the ocean of this world by taking support of VICHAR. A person who thinks correctly understands that there is no difference between a wave and an ocean. Both are different forms of water. In the same way, a thoughtful person knows that bad times and good times are temporary and are phases of time only. This sort of thinking helps man to achieve the heights and a person reaches the Param-Pad (the final stage or emancipation).

O Ram Ji! This Sansar (world) is created by of attachments and infatuations. Due to thoughtlessness (AVICHAR) it appears to be full of grief, anguish and pain. A child due to his foolishness perceives his own shadow as a monster or a phantom and starts trembling. In the same way due to foolishness or AVICHAR a worldly man perceives the world full of miseries. But the same person, when he applies his mind and takes shelter of a Guru, becomes fearless and the delusion created by Sansar (world) disappears.

O Ram Ji! One who is thoughtful will always have self restraint (Samata) and thus will be able to harness the senses. Just as a seed sprouts, in the same way VICHAR also sprouts and a plant of Samata (self restraint) is born. One who is blessed by VICHAR, reaches the high state of Atam-Pad (State of Soul). This person gets knowledge of all the substances, by knowing which nothing else remains to be known. He does not get drawn into the cycle birth and death. He lives his life till he desires and then leaves the body and merges himself with the supreme soul.

O Ram Ji! I suggest to you to meditate upon Brahma, keep VICHAR of Brahma always in your mind, and thus, tighten your belt to swim across the ocean of the world. You should always be thinking of “Who am I?” and “How this Sansar (world) exists?” Only this advice is the pathway leading to Moksha (salvation).

END OF PART II Chapter 11

TO BE CONTINUED

June 14, 2012

YOGA VASHISHT - PART II - Chapter 10

YOGAVASHISHT - PART II

CHAPTER 10

REGARDING CONTROL OF MIND

Rishi Vashisht continued his discourse regarding the Upadesh received from his father Brahma.

RISHI VASHIST: O Ram Ji! Now you should strive to reach that state where your mind becomes full of Atma-Gyan (Knowledge of Atma). Your mind should not be affected by anything that happens around you. In this state you neither experience happiness nor do you experience any grief. You should give up all the titles and honours bestowed upon you. These honours and titles fill your mind with ego and distract you from achieving your goal. This sort of person is focused upon the ultimate goal of Moksha. Just as light from moon does not give any heat, but calms the mind; in the same way a man who has befriended SUM (control of mind) is always in the state of Sat-Chit-Anand (Eternal bliss consciousness).

O Ram Ji! You will experience this state of mind only when you practice what I have told you. An Agyani will always be facing grief. The grief which is faced by an Agyani is such that it cannot be compared with anything else. To gain Atma-Gyan even if a person has to beg from the house of a Chandal (One who cremates dead bodies), one should not hesitate. Because to remain Agyani is the worst possible thing, which must be avoided at all costs. This knowledge which is being imparted to you, is the ultimate knowledge; and it has no comparison in all the Three Lokas (Three worlds i.e. heaven, earth and netherworld).

O Ram Ji! This knowledge is like the light of Sun which destroys darkness. Now O Ram Ji, listen to the description of the practice which is for the betterment of a person. Please listen to this with complete attention and concentration. To impart this knowledge there has to be a Guru who is highly learned and accomplished. Then there has to be a disciple who is willing and is ready to receive the knowledge. And also the Gyan (knowledge) has to be of very high quality. When the above three requirements are met with, the person is able to acquire the desired knowledge and finally experiences the bliss. Therefore it is essential that you should keep practicing what is told to you till you experience the ecstasy.

O Ram Ji! I am the Guru who can help you to achieve your goal. My company will help you to reach the state of Sat-Chit-Anand (Eternal bliss consciousness). Therefore one should give up pursuit of chasing the pleasures of flesh and body; which is sure way to lead one to unbearable miseries.

O Ram Ji! This world is an ocean of innumerable miseries. But a knowledgeable person, a Gyani can swim across this ocean comfortably. But an Agyani who gives up the practice of this knowledge, and starts running after the pleasures of the world, will ultimately be destroyed just as fire burns up a hut made of straws. A person, who gets infatuated by the comforts and pleasures, should consider them temporary like a flash of lightening. The possessions and pleasures last only for a limited time. They are not permanent at all.

O Ram Ji! Sometimes it so happens that a person walking in the night, with a lamp in his hand, falls in a pit. This happens because of his foolishness. In this world only a capable Guru is able to remove stupidity of a person. Guru is the guide and the knowledge is like a lamp. Till the guidance from the Guru is not there even the light of the lamp will be of no use.

O Ram Ji! In this world help of your sons or relatives is of no use. Even wealth of Kuber (God of wealth) will be of no use. Even bathing at holy places will not give you fulfilment. Worshiping the Gods is also a waste of time. The only thing which can help you achieve your goal is to triumph over your mind. This is because this world is a creation of your mind only. Being in command of of your mind is the only means by which you across the ocean of this world.

O Ram Ji! There four gatekeepers at the door leading to Moksha (Liberation). The name of the first gatekeeper is SUM (Control of Mind). The second gatekeeper is WICHAR (Thought). The third gatekeeper is SANTOKH (Satisfaction) and the name of the fourth gatekeeper is SADHU-SANG (Company of Sadhus). If you can befriend any one of these gatekeepers, you will enter the door leading to Moksha.

Now O Ram Ji! Listen about the first gatekeeper. This gatekeeper named SUM is greatly helpful to a person. In fact this SUM is Sat-Chit-Anand or Param-Pad or Shiv-Pad. O Ram Ji! This world is like an optical illusion. Just as a deer perceives mirage as water and starts running after it; similarly person who is an Agyani, keeps chasing the luxuries of life and never achieve anything but restlessness. Only that person, have gone across the ocean of world who has been able to be in complete command over his mind. A person with complete command over mind can convert even his enemies into friends. It is said that Lord Vishnu possesses two types of mind. One mind is within His body and His other mind dwells within the mind of saints and yogis. Exactly in the same way man also has two types of mind. One mind resides in man’s body and the other mind resides in SUM (Control of mind). When one meets a man with complete control of mind, he experiences happiness. Experience of this happiness is far greater than the happiness experienced in meeting the king of the country or meeting an attractive and beautiful woman. A man who has complete command over his mind is fit to be worshiped. A man with complete control of mind is never afraid of anyone; not even of ferocious animals like a lion or snake. Even in adverse situations this person remains completely composed and undisturbed.

O Ram Ji! A person who does not differentiate between good and bad Shabd (talk), Sparsh (touch), Roop (sight), Ras (Pleasure), Gandh (smell), i.e. all the things related to the sense organs; this person is called Shant-Atma (Soul at Peace). This person is like Akash (space) which is not attached to anything. Such a person does not become unhappy with the things not good or happy with things which are good. This person appears to be discharging his worldly duties, but is never attached to them. It is because this person’s Karmas (actions) do not adhere to him.

On the other hand a person whose mind constantly keeps differentiating between good and bad is always on fire, and far away from peace and tranquillity.

Therefore O Ram Ji! A person, who is desirous of achieving the enviable state of Moksha, has to make friends with the gatekeeper named SUM (Control of Mind).

END OF PART II Chapter 10

TO BE CONTINUED