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Yoga Vashisht

August 3, 2011

YOGAVASHISHT - PART II - CHAPTER 1

RISHI VALMIKI: O Bharadvaj! These words which you heard give great satisfaction and joy to a person. When a person earns good karmas over many lives, then only one gets an opportunity to listen to words like these. Ordinary persons will have no interest in things like this. O Bharadvaj! When Narad Muni finished praise of what was said by Rama, Rishi Vishamitra said as follows.

RISHI VISHWAMITRA: O Sri Ramachandra, you are more learned than most of the knowledgeable persons. What should be known by you, you already know it. Now there is nothing left for you to know. When dirt is removed from the mirror, the reflection is seen clearly in the mirror. But in your case mirror of your mind is absolutely clears. Hence there is no need to teach anything further to you.
O Ramachandra! Just like you there was one Sukhadev, son of Rishi Ved Vyas. Sukhadev was also very intelligent. All that he needed was a bit of guidance. After getting the guidance he also reached the ultimate goal of Moksha.

RAMA: O Muneshwar! I am interested in hearing the story of Sukhadev. How he reached Moksha. Kindly tell me the entire story.

RISHI VISHVAMITRA NARRATES STORY OF SUKHADEV TO RAMA

RISHI VISHVAMITRA: O Rama! Sukhdev was son of great Rishi Ved Viyas. He knew what truth is and what is untruth. Sukhdev was well versed with all the scriptures and Vedas. But he was not aware of Shanti (silence of mind). He had not experienced the bliss or delight of a stilled Atma. He was always in doubt about his knowledge, because he had not witnessed the true happiness. To clear his doubts he went to his father Rishi Ved Vyas, who was living at Sumer Mountain. Sukhdev asked his father to clarify his doubts that he had regarding Atma. Rishi Ved Vyas tried to explain to him the complex problem. Yet, Sukhdeva could not understand it. Rishi Ved Vyas thought that he is my son, so he might be taking me lightly. Hence Rishi Ved Vyas told Sukhadeva to go to Raja Janak, who was a great scholar and a realized soul. He is a person who will be able to get you rid of attachments. After getting this advice, Sukhdev, reached Mithlapuri, kingdom of Raja Janak. Sukhadev went to the main gate of the palace and requested the guard to tell Raja Janak, that Sukhdev son of Riushi Ved Vyas has come to meet the Raja.
When the guard told Raja Janak about sukhadev, Raja immediately understood the purpose of visit of Sukhadev. Raja told the guard to tell Sukhadev to wait. Sukhadev kept waiting at the palace gate for seven days. On seventh day Raja enquired about Sukhadev, whether he was still waiting or he had left. Raja instructed the guard to make Sukhadev wait on the second palace gate. There also Sukhadev waited for seven days. Thereafter Raja instructed the guard to bring Sukhadev into the palace and provide best of food and comforts of the palace. Yet Sukhadev was not allowed to meet Raja. In the palace Sukhadev was treated with utmost respect and provided with all the luxuries. He was taken to the women’s quarters where beautiful women were eager to please him.
Raja Janak enquired, what was the difference in personality of Sukhadev, before and after entering the palace. The guard told Raja that Sukhadev is as he was. Raja was told that Sukhadev was not unhappy due to insult of being kept waiting; nor is he happy after being honoured in the palace. Just as Sumer Mountain does not move due to winds, in the same way Sukhadev is not affected by insults or respect. After hearing this from the guard, Raja ordered that Sukhadev may be granted the audience to meet Raja.
Sukhaved was brought before Raja immediately. Raja Janak, after offering respects due to a Brahmin, offered Sakhadev a place to sit next to Raja. Raja enquired the reason of visit of Sukhadev. Sukhadev said, O Raja! Kindly tell me how this universe was created and how is it going to end. Raja Janak told the same thing to Sukhadev what was told by his father Rishi Ved Vyas. On hearing the same thing, Sukhadev said “O Raja! What you tell me, the same thing was told to me by my father. I also know by what I have studied, that the universe is created by the vibrations of the mind. This will end only when the vibrations of the mind are stilled. But unfortunately I am unable to control the vibrations of the mind. Raja Janak replied “O Sukhdev! What I have told you, and what you know is one and same. You have to concentrate and contemplate upon this knowledge for a very long time, then only you will be able to achieve ultimate happiness and stillness. In fact you have come to me to learn. But the Fact is that you know more than me. I have desires of my body but my Atma has no desire. In your case your body and Atma, both have given up desires.

RISHI VISHVAMITRA: O Ramachandra! On hearing this from Raja Janak, Sukhadev understood. He went to Sumer Mountain and started meditating there in a cave. Sukhadev meditated for ten thousand years in the cave of Mount Meru. Just as the oil lamp is extinguished after the oil is exhausted, in the same way Sukhadev, stilled all his desires and reached Moksha.

NOTE ON RAJA JANAK: According to the epic Ramayana and Mahabharata, the Janakas were a race of kings who ruled Videha Kingdom from their capital Mithila. The Janakas were known to be well-versed in the knowledge of the Atman, and remained free from attachments even while living as householders and rulers. Janaka was not only a brave king, but was also as well-versed in the scriptures and Vedas as any rishi. He was the beloved pupil of Yaajnavalkya, whose exposition of Brahman to the king forms one chapter of the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad. In the Bhagavad Gita, Sri Krishna cites Seeradhwaj Janaka as an illustrious example of the Karma yoga. Janaka was also said to be a Rajarshi having spiritually advanced and reached the state of a rishi, though he was a king administrating the kingdom of Mithila. He was also instructed by sage Ashtavakra upon the nature of the self or Atman; this exposition forms the content of the famous treatise Ashtavakra Gita.
The father of Sita (the wife of Rama) was named Seeradwaja Janaka

NOTE ON RISHI VED VYAS: Hindus traditionally hold that Vyasa categorized the original single Veda into four. Hence he was called Veda Vyasa, or "Splitter of the Vedas," the splitting being a feat that allowed people to understand the divine knowledge of the Veda. The word vyasa means split, differentiate, or describe.
It has been debated whether Vyasa was a single person or a class of scholars who did the splitting. The Vishnu Purana has a theory about Vyasa. The Hindu view of the universe is that of a cyclic phenomenon that comes into existence and dissolves repeatedly. Each cycle is presided over by a number of Manus, one for each Manvantara, that has four ages, Yugas of declining virtues. The Dvapara Yuga is the third Yuga. The present and fourth yuga is Kaliyuga, which started on 23 January 3102 BC. This date is also considered by many Hindus to be the day that Krishna left earth to return to his abode

NOTE ON VIBRATIONS: Quantum physics states that everything in the universe is pure energy, differing only in rate of vibration. Vibration is an integral component of the great continuum of the Universe, manifesting an infinite number of characteristics. Energy is vibration; human beings consist entirely of pure Energy in the form of a physical body, even though the human body and physical surroundings might appear to be solid in accordance with the five physical senses. This precisely what is said above “that the universe is created by the vibrations of the mind. This will end only when the vibrations of the mind are stilled. But unfortunately I am unable to control the vibrations of the mind” Vibrations will continue to
appear in or the other way through out the book Yagavashisht.

END OF CHAPTER 1 of Part II
TO BE CONTINUED