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Yoga Vashisht

December 10, 2011

YOGA VASHISHT - Part II

CHAPTER 8
ABOUT UPADESH RECEIVED BY RISHI VASHISHT
FROM HIS FATHER BRAHMA

When Rama heard from Rishi Vashish, the reason of getting the Upadesh (knowledge) from his father Brahma, Rama asked a question.

RAMA: O all knowing Rishi! Kindly tell me in detail how the people of Jamboo Dweep became pure and knowledgeable after hearing the Upadesh?

RISHI VASHISHT: O Ramji! Brahma created this universe out of vibrations only. In fact Brahma himself is creation of vibrations. After creating the universe, Brahma created Time, which is in three Kalas, that is past, present and future. After passing away of very long time people started indulging into wrong deeds. They started going against the instructions given in Vedas. In this way, Dharma (righteousness) started disappearing. Raj-Dharma (law of land) started declining. People stated behaving in a manner as they liked, without giving a thought to right or to wrong. This behaviour caused lot of miseries to the entire mankind.

O Ramji! When Brahma saw this situation, he got worried. Brahma immediately called me, Sanat Kumars, and Narad Muni. He told us “O my sons! Go to Bhu-Loka (world) and instruct the people to establish Dharma once again. Those who want to enjoy luxuries and comforts of life; tell them to inculcate good deeds like Jap-Tap (prayers), Ishnan (cleanliness, hygiene, bath), Sandhya (Evening prayer). Those who want to achieve Moksha or ultimate liberation from cycle of birth and death, tell them the methods of gaining Braham-Vidya (knowledge of Brahma). With these instructions Brahma, our father Brahma, sent us to Bhu-Loka (World).

O Ramji! When we three, Sanat Kumars, Narad Muni and I, reached Bhu-Loka we sat together to think upon a plan, as to how should we proceed to fulfil the task entrusted to us. We decide that first we should appoint some one as Raja (King), who should make the people follow the rules of proper and good conduct. We empowered the Raja to penalize and punish the people who do not obey the orders. Therefore it was decided that the Raja should be a person who is very powerful physically and must be man of very high intelligence. He should also be a person who is upright and magnanimous.

O Ramji! We first gave the instructions for learning Brahma-Vidya to the Raja. Hence Brahma-Vidya is also called Raj-Vidya. Having done this, our next step was to create procedures for Jap-Tap(Prayers), Tyaga (Renunciation), Dana (Alms)) , Teertha (visit to holy places), Ishnan (cleanliness and hygiene; literally bath) and other good activities to be performed by the people of the world. We told the people that by doing these Karmas (deeds or actions) you will be happy.

O Ramji! Amongst the people at large we found some rare person who could give up ego and was striving for keeping the mind clean with an intension of achieving Moksha. Generally people were foolish who kept hankering for luxuries of life and were constantly trapped into the cycle of birth and death. Persons who had a pure mind, who worked without any motive, who performed their Karmas without expecting anything in return, were eligible for learning Brahma-Vidya or Raj-Vidya. Thus, we found that those persons performed their Krmas selflessly were more happy and easily achieved Moksha.

O Ramji! By getting Upadesh of Brahma-Vidya lot Rajas and ordinary persons who were well versed in the knowledge of Vedas, have reached the ultimate goal of Moksha.

O Ramji! Your father Dasrath also became knowledgeable in Brahma Vidya. Now you have also reached that stage when you should also be instructed into the sacred knowledge of Brahma Vidya. Your mind is pure naturally. Hence you are Uttam (best) amongst Uttam Purshas (men). (Rama ia also known as Purshottam ; Pursh = man and Uttam = best; i.e. Best amongst all the men)

O Ramji! You have all the luxuries and comforts of life at your command. There is nothing which can make you sad. Yet, on your mind has turned towards Vairagya (renunciation). This is the reason I say that you are Uttam amongst the entire mankind.

O Ramji! When people visit places like cremation grounds, they develop fear and develop detachment and renunciation from pains and pleasures of the material world. But this renunciation of worldly objects is very temporary. Once they come out of cremation ground, they become engrossed with the habits and traditions of the world and forget renunciation. But this is applicable to ordinary persons only. The persons who are noble and relatively superior, who are Shreshtha, hold the idea of renunciation unwaveringly and with unshakable determination. The Vairagya or renunciation which is developed without any cause or a reason is paramount. Just as an elephant feels happy and satisfied after breaking away with the chains, which tied him; exactly in the same way a Gyani (Knowledgeable) achieves his freedom by steadfastly practicing renunciation duly supported by study of scriptures. The persons who have gone ahead with spiritual practice under able guidance of his Guru has surely achieved the goal of breaking the cycle of birth and death and reached the coveted state of Moksha.

O Ramji! When a raging storm arrives, all the trees get uprooted, but the huge Banyan tree remains unaffected; in the same way the thoughtless and unwise persons get trapped in the cycle of birth and death and keep coming back to the world again and again. But a Gyani or a knowledgeable person remains unaffected by the worldly pleasures and relationships.

O Ramji! The persons who have given up the pleasures of life, considering them to be momentary and not everlasting, they cannot be once again enticed into falling back into the mire of the world. But! Those who are ignorant and unaware can never come out of the marsh of pleasures. Superior person is one who cares only for progress of his Atma. That person truly deserves to get the knowledge of Brahma-Vidya (Knowledge of Brahma).

O Ramji! The land is made supple by ploughing. Then only it becomes fit to receive the seed; in the same way I am trying to make your mind agile and alert to give you the ultimate knowledge. A Guru should give knowledge to only that person who is interested only in acquiring the knowledge of Brahma; one who is averse to the pleasures of life; and one who has complete faith in his Guru. True knowledge can only be imparted only when Guru and the disciple, both are Shreshtha (Superior). I find all the qualities in you which are prescribed in the scriptures for a deserving disciple. As a Guru, I am fully proficient and capable of imparting the required knowledge to you. Therefore you will attain your goal easily. Just as colour of turmeric stains white cloth easily, in the same way your clean mind will easily accept the knowledge which I am going to give to you.

O Ramji! I sincerely request you to bend your mind towards me, and have such a feeling (Bhavana) in your mind, so that you are able to receive full benefit out of my Upadesh. I am sure that a disciple like you will soon become a Braham-Gyani.

O Ramji! Now I am going to reveal to you the knowledge you have been waiting for. You should shun the friendship of a person whose mentality is evil and wicked. The door to the Moksha is guarded by four guards. These guards standing at the door leading to Moksha are fast friends. Their names are SUM (Control), SANTOKH (Satisfaction), VICHAR(Right Thinking) and SATSANG (Good/True Company). If you can be friends with these four guards, they will easily let you in and guide you to your destination.

O Ramji! In case you can’t make all four your friends then make three your friends. In case if making three your friend is difficult, you may try to be friends with only two. If that is also not possible you may become friend of only one of them. As I told you earlier that thses four guards are fast friends, hence being friend of any one will make you friend of all four. Where one goes, three others will follow him. Thus your path to wards Moksha will become very easy. Those who have made friends with these four have always been happy and satisfied. Those who have shunned these four friends have always been unhappy and see plenty of sorrows. In your mind is like clear and transparent water. Hence you will have no difficulty in achieving your goal. Due to extreme cold the water turns to ice and does not remain transparent any more, same is the case with persons with less knowledge. He is unable to see through and remains ignorant for ever. Mind of an Agyani or an ignorant person is like a hollow in the tree where sakes live. This sort of person can never achieve peace (Shanti).

END OF PART II Chapter 8
TO BE CONTINUED

September 28, 2011

YOGA VASHISHT PART II - Chapter 7

YOGAVASHISHT - PART II CHAPTER 7 ABOUT CREATION OF UNIVERSE AND CREATION OF RISHI VASHISH RishiVashisht continued with his Upadesh (discourse) and said.
RISHI VASHISHT: O Ramji! Please remember my words. These words are going to be your best friends and will eradicate all the sorrows of life. I am describing to you the path towards Moksha as stated in the scriptures. When you apply this method and put in your Pursharth, then only you will be successful in achieving your goal. A man’s Chit (Mind) keeps running after Bhoga (Enjoyment) of life. You should see that your Chit does not fall in the bottomless pit of Bhogas. One can renounce Bhogas only in the following way. Renouncing should be such that your Chit (Mind) never looks back to the Bhogas again. Listen to this with resolute mind. You will get lot of fulfilment by listening to this. O Ramji! The first step is to practice Sum and Dum. Living the life without any Vasanas (Desires), and living without any regrets about Bhogas (Enjoyments) is called Sum. Controlling the sense organs is called Dum. When you practice Sum and Dum sufficiently, then only you will involuntarily become aware of the Param Tatva (Supreme goal). This will be followed by Suvichar (Good thoughts); which will be followed by Param-Pada the ultimate liberation or Moksha. O Ramji! All those who have achieved the state of Param-Pada, never experiences any grief. This brings one to the state of permanent happiness and bliss. O Ramji! Now be prepared to receive the Upadesh (Teachings) given to me by my father Brahma Himself. On hearing these words Rama asked a question.

RAMA: O revered Rishi! Kindly tell me, for what reason Brahma gave you the Upadesh? Also please tell me how did you practice this Upadesh? Be kind enough to tell me this in detail.

RISHI VASHISHT: O Ramji! There is one Akash (space) which is pure and totally aware. This Akash is eternal and pervades all ages. This Akash is also another form of The Creator Brahma. This Akash is in form of vibrations and these vibrations established themselves as Vishnu. Vishnu is constant and stationary in spite of movements of the vibrations of Akash. Vishnu was created by the waves (Vibrations) of Akash which is pure and eternal. A Lotus flower grows out of navel of Vishnu and Brahma was created and sits upon the Lotus. Brahma created all the Rishis, Munis and all other species. That is why Vishnu is also called Padma-Naabh (Padma = Lotus ; Naabh = Navel) O Ramji! Brahma also created Rishi Manu, one who created laws for the society of human beings. In one corner of planet earth, there is a large island called Jumboo Dweep (Word Dweep means island). In this island called Jumboo Dweep there is a country called Bharat Varsh. When Brahma saw that population of Jumboo Dweep is unhappy and suffering, He created Tapasya (In Sanskrit tapasya, literally means "heat", refers to a personal endeavour of discipline, undertaken to achieve a goal, accompanying suffering and pain) and told the people of Jumboo Dweep to practice Tapasya (Penance with Meditation). O Ramji! After getting the orders from Brahma for performing Tapasya, people of Jumboo Dweep started following the directions of Brahma and as a result achieved lot of happiness. After the Punya of their good deeds were over, these people once again came back to the world of suffering.
O Ramji! When Brahma saw this he got worried. People did not get permanent happiness even with Tapasya. They had to come back again and again, in spite of Tapasya. Then Brahma created “Satvik Dharma”. Brahma directed people of Jumboo Dweep to follow “Satik Dharma”. By following the new Dharma, the same thing happened. People received lot of happiness in the beginning. But after the Punya of the new Dharma exhausted, they once again fell back to earth, and faced miseries. There after Brahma created Teertha (Holy places) and other Punyas. By going on pilgrimage to holy places and making offerings, they got lot of Punya and remained in Punya Loka for a long time. But when the Punyas came to end, they once again fell back to the planet earth, the place of miseries, and once again got trapped into cycle of birth and death.
O Ramji! Them Brahma started thinking to create a device to do away with cycle of birth and death. The cycle of birth and death is the root of all the miseries. There after Brahma reached at the conclusion that there is no other way but Atma Gyan is the only path for pemanant happiness. Brahma created Atma Gyan and directed the men and women to meditate upon Atma-Tatva (The basic element of creation). From the meditation as directed by Brahma, I (Rishi Vashisht) was created in the form of pure Atma Tatva Gyan (Knowledge of pure basic element). My form was un-manifest. At that time I was equal to Brahma. I carry Kamandal in my hand, just Brahma carries Kamandal in his hand (Kamandal = Oblong vessel carried by yogis to carry drinking water ) I wear beads of Rudraksh around my neck, Brahma also wears beads of Rudraksh around his neck. I carry deer skin to sit upon; Brahma also has deer skin to sit upon (A deer skin is the only animal skin considered appropriate for the yogi’s meditation seat (asana) because the vibration of the deerskin is neutral and therefore conducive to peace and tranquillity.). My form is Pure Knowledge. I do not perceive the world or universe. If at all I perceive the universe, I perceive it as Pure Bliss.
O Ramji! Brahma created me for good of the universe. But one in the form of Pure Knowledge can not possibly teach others in the form Pure Knowledge because he does not possess sense organs. Teaching is possible only through questions and answers. But it was not possible as I was in the form of Pure Knowledge. I was un-manifest, not visible. I did not have a body. In this form it was not possible to teach others. Considering these difficulties, Brahma made me sit in his lap, just as a father takes his son in his lap. He put his hand upon my head and told me “O Son! You make yourself Agyani (Ignorant) for some time. Noble persons do take some hardships upon themselves for good of society at large. You also become ignorant”. O Ramji! I was originally in the form of Pure Knowledge. Suddenly I became ignorant just like other common people. I felt I had a body just as all the people have. I became manifest and visible to the people. I started perceiving the things around me. I started calling myself Vashisht son of Brahma. I forgot the Knowledge, which was my original form. My sense organs started looking for pleasures of the world. I started perceiving the sorrows of the world. My mind started experiencing pain and sorrow. I got disturbed and went to my father Brahma and asked Him how this world is created, and how does it disappear? O Ramji! On my request, Brahma made Upadesh to me and thus my ignorance was shattered once again. Just as the whole world gets lighted up when the Sun rises, in the same way I also became pure with the knowledge given to me by Brahma. Having given me the knowledge of Atma Gyan, Brahma, and my father ordered me to go to Jumboo Dweep. He bestowed the title of Prajapati upon me. He gave me the authority of eight Prjapatis. I was told to spread the knowledge of Atma Gyan among the people of Bharat Varsh, who lived in Jumboo Dweep. O Ramji! Now you know how I was created and for what purpose. I am here in this word to fulfil the duty ordered by my father Brahma.

NOTES:
1. Rishi Vashisht says “This Akash is in form of vibrations and these vibrations established themselves as Vishnu”. This clearly means that everything is made out of vibrations. With contemporary knowledge it has been established that matter and energy are interchangeable. Matter is also a form of energy. The energy is nothing else but Electro Magnetic waves. Einstein was the first scientist to propose the E = mc2 formula and the first to interpret mass–energy equivalence as a fundamental principle that follows from the relativistic symmetries of space and time. By using Einstein's formula E=mc² we can discover that a tiny amount of matter is equivalent to a massive amount of energy. If 1 gram of matter could be totally converted into energy it would be enough to lift 15 million people to the top of mount Everest; or Boil 55million gallons of water or supply a town of 15000 people with electricity for a year.

2. Rishi Vashisht says “In one corner of planet earth, there is a large island called Jumboo Dweep (Word Dweep means island). In this island called Jumboo Dweep there is a country called Bharat Varsh”. We have a modern theory called “Plate Tectonics” The key principle of plate tectonics is that the lithosphere exists as separate and distinct tectonic plates, which ride on the fluid-like (visco-elastic solid) asthenosphere. Earth scientists agree upon the observation and deduction that the plates have moved one with respect to the other. The movement of the Plates is also called Continental drift. Continental drift is the movement of the Earth's continents relative to each other. Evidence for continental drift is now extensive. Similar plant and animal fossils are found around different continent shores, suggesting that they were once joined. There is also living evidence — the same animals being found on two continents. The continuity of glaciers, inferred from oriented glacial striations and deposits called tillites, suggested the existence of the supercontinent of Gondwana, which became a central element of the concept of continental drift. The Gondwana land which was a single mass of land started separating about 400 million yeas ago. Maps of earth at various periods can be see at the Youtubr video given below. Probably Rishi Vashisht is talking about JAMBOO DWEEP when Indian Sub-Continent was a huge island drifting towards China Mainland. This was time about 50 Million years ago. At that time Himalayas were not there. Himalayas were created only after Indian Plate collided against China mainland. This impact is not yet over. Still Indian plate is pushing against China mainland, and still Himalayas are rising. Till date Jamboo Dweep is remembered at the time of death rituals. The priest says “Janboo dweepe, Bharat varshe, Mumbai nagre ----------“ . The priest is creating a record, where he says that in Jamboo Dweep, in Bharat Varsh, in Mumbai city ---- such and such person died at particular date and time. So till date we consider Bharat situated in Jamboo Dweep. It clearly means that these rituals started while Bharat was an island. This further means that the Indian Society was highly developed ever 50 million years ago.
END OF PART II Chapter 7
TO BE CONTINUED

August 22, 2011

YOGAVASHISHT PART-II CHAPTER 6



CHAPTER 6
RISHI VASHISHIT TALKS ABOUT PURSHARTH (EFFORTS)

Next day when the court of Raja Dasrath gathered; Rishi Vashisht continued telling Rama, about the qualities of Pursharth (Efforts).

RISHI VASHISHT: When a person puts in Pursharth to achieve the riches of this world, the mind encounters many worries and experiences grief. The mind fails to achieve stillness. However, you need not be disheartened O Ramji. You can free yourself from the cycle of birth and death by Pursharth done bravely and with determination. No god will come for your rescue. A person who has relied upon gods, he has lost everything, which includes Dharma (righteousness), Arth (money), Kama (pleasures of life) and Moksha. This person is lower than the lowest.
Whosoever has established himself in wisdom has done only with Pursharth. No one can achieve success without Pursharth. Even Guru Brihaspati had to put in lot of efforts to become Guru of god Indra, who is Raja of all gods. Shukracharya had to do Pursharth to become Guru of Asuras. The effort that serves some purpose, or to achieve a goal is called Pusharth.
O Ramji! When a person goes to visit far way Tirth Sthan (holy places), he has to keep travelling. If he sits down and becomes lazy, he will never be able to reach the Tirth Sthan. You can satisfy your hunger only when you eat food. Can you kill your hunger without eating? You can achieve your desired goal only by Purshartha. Nothing can be accomplished by sitting idle.
O Ramji! In this royal court of Raja Dasrath awe have lot many enlightened Gurus and Rishis. You can ask them; whether I am correct or not.
O Ramji! One has to constantly keep a watch over the demands of sense organs. One has to act according to the instructions enshrined in the scriptures. One should never do anything which is contrary to what is said in the scriptures.
O Ramji! Look at the persons who are very affluent and who possess remarkable amount of knowledge. They have achieved all this with their Pursharth. And those who gave up Pursharth have acquired the birth of lower forms of life like snakes, lizards, ants, and flies.
O Ramji! I advise you to act according to the sayings of enlightened souls and instructions of the scripture. By doing so, you can get rid of all the maladies of the world and life.
O Ramji! Lord Vishnu, in various incarnations has killed so many beings. But those actions do not get attached to Lord Vishnu as sins. The reason for this is that Lord Vishnu has reached the highest status though Pursharth. You can also get across the ocean of this world only through Pursharth. Hence there is no need to depend upon gods and waste precious time.

Rama asked a question.
RAMA: O all knowing Rishi! You say that there is no god. But, in this world it is believed that even a Brahmana (Priest) is also god. What ever happens happens with help of gods.

RISHI VASHISH: O Ramji! One has to suffer for the bad deeds done in the past. Karma is all powerful. No matter with what name you may call it, be it ‘god’ or ‘Purshartha’ it is one and same. Pursharth is the only god. The word ‘god’ has been coined by idiots, for idiots. Just as you do not see anything in the sky, similarly there is no god and is empty just like sky.

RAMA: O Rishi! You say that god is nothing, and is empty like sky. You agree that in the world the word god is popular. You also say that Pursharth is god. Therefore it implies that god is there.
RISHI VASHIST: O Ramji! I am telling you all this to permanently remove the notion and impression of god from your mind. Pursharth is your god. Vasana, which is the present consciousness formed from past Karmas, is in the mind. Whatever the mind of the man desires gets through Purshrtha. But at the same time one has to obtain the fruits of good or bad deeds done in the past, which may be happiness or sorrows. Therefore it is proved that Pursharth is not different from Karmas. Pursharth and Karmas (deeds done in past) are interrelated. Hence it is further proved that the cause for happiness and sorrows is Pursharth only. There is no god.
O Ramji! Please think over this matter.
RAMA: O great Rishi! When sorrows and happiness is controlled by Vasnas, or past Karmas; hence there is nothing that a man can do. A man does not have a will of his own. O Rishi! Please tell me some method to get rid of the effects of deeds of past. My past deeds have made me very weak.
RISHI VASHISHT: It is true that a person has to face the effects of his Vasanas and Karmas. But an intelligent person; with Pursharth can reverse and nullify the effects of past bad deeds. When you determine to be in the company of enlightened persons, when you study the scriptures and do your deeds as directed, your bad Vasnas will get dissolved.
O Ramji! Now understand, how to recognize the good and bad deeds of past. When your mind is constantly dragging you to the path contrary to the path as directed in the scriptures; when your mind entices you and drags to luxuries of life; then you should understand that your past deeds have been bad. But, when your mind urges you to be in the company of enlightened souls; when you develop aversion to the luxuries of life; then you should comprehend that your past deeds have been good.
O Ramji! From what you told Rishi Vishwamitra, it is clear that your past deeds have been good. For this reason you will be able to grasp the Shastras very quickly. You are alive. You are not an inanimate object.
O Ramji! I bless you to master the Brahma Vidya (knowledge of Brahma) with your Pursharth.



BRIHASPATI STATUE
NOTE ON BRIHASPATI:
Bá¹›haspati is the son of Rishi Angirasa (according to the Rig Veda 4.40.1) and Surupa according to the Shiva Purana. He has two brothers named Utathya and Samvartana. He has three wives. His first wife Shuba gave birth to Bhanumati, Raaka, Archishmati, Mahamati, Mahishmati, Sinivali, and Havishmati, his seven daughters. His second wife Tara gives birth to seven sons and a daughter. Through his third wife Mamata, he has two sons, Kacha and Bharadwaja.
He attained his position as the Guru of the Devas, by performing penances on the banks of Prabhas Tirtha. Lord Shiva granted him this position, as well as his position as one of the Navagrahas (Nine Planets). Planet Brihaspati is Planet Jupiter. Thursday in India is known as Brihaspat.

NOTE ON PRABHAS TIRTHA:
Prabhas Patan, known popularly as Somnath Patan, is situated in Gujarat (Saurashtra), 7 km. from Veraval. This is a place of pilgrimage, or Tirtha, of the most popular Jyotirlinga of Lord Shiva, i.e., Somanath
According to tradition, here, Krishna is supposed to have left His mortal body at the end of Krishna avatar (Avatars), enacting the drama of being killed by a hunter who mistook Krishna for a deer and shot him




PICTURE OF SHUKRA - VENUS
NOTE ON SHUKRACHARYA:
Shkracharya was a descendant of sage Kavi. The Devi-Bhagavata Purana refers to his mother as Kavyamata. The feminic natured Shukra is a Brahminical planet Venus. He was born on Friday hence, Friday is known as Shukravaar (Day of Shukra) in India. He went on to study the Vedas under the rishi Angirasa but he was disturbed by Angirasa's favoritism for his son Brihaspati. He then went to study under rishi Gautama. He later performed penance to Lord Shiva and obtained the Sanjivani mantra (a formula that revived the dead). He married Priyavrata's daughter Urjaswathi and they had four sons — Chanda, Amarka, Tvastr, Dharaatra and a daughter by name Devayani.
During this period Brihaspati became the Guru of the Devas. Due to the hatred he bore towards Vishnu for what he perceived as the murder of his mother as she had given shelter to some Asura whom Vishnu was hunting, Shukracharya decided to become the Guru of Asuras. He helped them achieve victory over the Devas and used his knowledge to revive the dead and wounded among them.
The fact is that the Devas and Asuras were among two sections of Aryan kings and rishis out of which one section was worshiping deities called the Devas and the other, deities called the Asuras. These Deva-Asura differences were aggravated to such an extent that at a later period, his descendants and followers had to leave Sapta Sindhu(presnt day indus valley comprising os Sindh and Punjab) and settle elsewhere, probably in Iran. The priests of the Ahura-worshiping sect of Ahura Mazda of Iran are called Atharvans. Shukracharya was a strict worshiper of Agni. One can see that the followers of Ahura Mazda, present day Parsis in India, still worship Agni or Fire.
Devayani was the daughter of Shukracharya, who was rejected by the son of Brihaspati, Kacha. She later marries Yayati who founds the Kuru dynasty. In the time of the Mahabharata, Shukracharya is mentioned as one of the mentors of Bhishma, having taught him political science in his youth.


END OF CHAPTER 5 of PART II


TO BE CONTINUED


August 19, 2011

YOGAVASHISHT PART - II - CHAPTER 5

CHAPTER 5
RISHI VASHISHIT TALKS ABOUT PURSHARTH (EFFORTS)

Rishi Vashisht continued with topic of Purshartha (Efforts)

RISHI VASHISHT: O Ramji! Chitta (Conscious Mind) of a person dwells constantly in desires. When a persn’s Chitta keeps dreaming only and does not put in any efforts to fulfil the desires; such a person will never achieve happiness.
O Ramji! Purshartha, the effort is of two types. The first is which is done, according to Shastras (Scriptures). The second is one which is done against the directions given in Shastras and by whims and fancies of a person.
O Ramji! Anubhava (Experience) brings knowledge. And knowledge leads one to Anubhava. Anubhava also creates memory. This shows that a person gets what he strives for. A person, who has power due to his past karmas, does Pursharth as commanded by Shastras.
Sanskaras are impressions derived from past experiences that form desires that influence future responses and behavior. There are two types of Sanskaras; auspicious and inauspicious. Auspecious Sanskaras are from Purab (North). Inauspicious Sanskaras are from Pashchim (South). Hence Sanskaras of North are more potent and powerful.
Though a person tries to remains in Satsang (company of learned), studies the scriptures yet he keeps flying back to the tree which is this world (This refers to re-birth). The Atma is not at rest.
A person with Pashchim Sankaras, which are weaker, can also achieve his goals, by remaining in company of learned (Satsang), by studying scriptures and putting in efforts as prescribed.
O Ramji! Whether one is having Sankaras of North or South, should not give up Pursharth. In short one can conquer the effect of Karmas (Past deeds) by putting in right type of Pursharth.
Now pay attention to qualities of Pursharth. According to persons who are knowledgeable, who are experts of Brahm-Vidya (Knowledge of Brahma) putting in effort with determination is called Pursharth. Pursharth is required to gain knowledge of Atma. With this knowledge one can get across the ocean of this world. What ever is achieved is achieved with Pursharth only. No god can help you in this.
If a person refuses to do Pursharth, with a belief that, what ever happens, happens with will of God; is an idiot. One should shun company and friendship of such a person. It necessary that a person must discharge duties assigned to him, and at the same time engages himself in good deeds. One must remain in company of enlightened souls. One must have discrimination of good and bad. It essential, that at the end of the day, one should recollect the good and bad deeds that he has done during the day. One must practice Santosh (satisfaction), Dhiraj (patience and tranquillity), Vairagya (detachment and renunciation) and slowly increase all these qualities. For doing this one needs Purshartha. By doing Purshartha to increase the said qualities, one reaches the ultimate state of Sat- Chit-Anand, the Bliss.
O Ramji! A person should try to give up attachment for wife, sons, daughters, relatives and Laxmi (wealth). One must boldly snap the ties and face the ocean of this world and try to swim across the ocean. Just as a trapped lion, with his muscle gets free from the strong ropes of the trap, in the same way a brave person swims across the ferocious sea of this world. This act of snapping the ties and reaching the goal of Sat-Chit-Anand is called Pursharth.
One has to do Sadhana (spiritual practice). What ever one has achieved by Sadhana is only through Pursharth. Nothing is possible without Pursharth. Just as one cannot extract oil out of a stone, similarly to obtain anything without Pursharth is an erroneous belief.
Therefore O Ramji! You should not depend upon gods for anything. You should depend only upon yourself and your Pursharth. One who gives up Pursharth, cannot please Laxmi (goddess of wealth). Laxmi will also dump him. A person who gives up Pursharth and acts as per his whims and fancies will never find happiness.
O Ramji! You should practice writing with the pen of intelligence with ink of your good thoughts, on paper of your mind. Writing the true thoughts in this fashion is called Pursharth. When you practice this sort of Pursharth, it will not be possible for you to get trapped into nets of this world.
O Ramji! One dwells in company of enlightened persons, and also does study of the scriptures; yet does not put in efforts to contemplate upon the interpretations of the scriptures; he will not be able to reach the ultimate goal. A person who possesses Amrit (potion of immortality), but does not drink it; will not become immortal.
O Ramji! Agyanis (not knowledgeable persons) waste their entire life. In childhood a person is innocent and ignorant; in youth he is mad after sense pleasures like women and wine; and in old age he looses all the energy, and is not able to do anything. Thus, the entire life is wasted. And finally he takes shelter of gods. Person, who takes shelter and support of gods, sows the seed of his own destruction.
O Ramji! I have thought a lot upon this subject. A person, who procrastinates, leads a life of animals. Hence, I suggest to you to depend entirely upon your own efforts, and nothing else.

Rishi Valmiki who was narrating this to Rishi Bharad waj, said that when Rishi Vashisht finished saying these words, it was evening. All the persons in the court of Raja Dasrath, bowed to the King and Rishis and left the court hall and went back to their homes for bath and Sandhya (Evening prayer). Next day after sun rise they again came back to the court hall to listen to Rishi Vashisht.
END OF CHAPTER 5 -PART II
TO BE CONTINUED

August 16, 2011

YOGAVASHISHT PART II - CHAPTER 4

CHAPTER 4
RISHI VASHISHIT TALKS ABOUT PURSHARTH

RISHI VASHISHT: O Rama! There is hardly any difference between Deha-Mukti (Liberation with Body, while living) and Videha-Mukti (Liberation without Body, after death). Liberation is called Mukti or Moksha. It is the end of the soul's journey, and therefore it is the ultimate goal and destination for each individual, and the goal of Creation itself. after the soul dissociates from the body, the most important aspect of the experience is Infinite Bliss. Therefore, while there is a difference in the eternal experience of the souls who gain Liberation during life and the experience of souls who gain Liberation after death, the most important aspect of the experience is the same i.e. the eternal experience of Infinite Bliss. Still water without a ripple is water; and wave is also water. In the same way Deha Mukti and Videha Mukti are same. Outwardly you will not be able to see the difference between the two. However, the person who are ignorant and do not see Atma in everything, do see the difference between the two. Those who are knowledgeable do not see any difference between Deha-Mukti and Videha-Mukti.
O Ramji! When the wind blows it can be felt. But when the air is still, it cannot be felt. Yet in both the situations air is there. When a living person becomes unaware of his body and attains the state of Bliss, he is called Deha-Mukt. But when a person loses his body, he is called Videha-Mukt, . For a knower, they both are the same.
O Ramji! Now I will talk about Pusharth (Efforts). Whatever a man achieves, is through Pursharth only. Even to break a straw some effort is required. Without Pursharth nothing is achieved. Many persons say that that what God desires will happen. This is sheer nonsense.
O Ramji! When a person starts some work with thinking and determination; does not give up in the middle; is bound to succeed. It is necessary to understand determination. According to the scriptures and sayings of great thinkers, when a person uses his intelligence and uses his efforts for good of everyone; is called determination. With determination and effort it is possible to achieve everything. Persons who set their goals with determination and execute the plan with boldness will be able to conquer the three worlds and rule like Indra, the king of gods. One who acts with determination and puts in effort and acts for the good of the world is really brave. The person who acts contrary to these laws is a fool.
O Ramji! The element which is called Atma, is pure knowledge. Atma with Pursharth can achieve status of Brahma. All those persons in the past who have achieved their goals have done so only with Pursharth and knowledge of Atma. Atma is the element which is common to all and it activates the intelligence. It makes possible for one to ride the Garuda (Mount of god Indra) and become Vishnu the perfect man (Purshotam).
O Ramji! If a person desires to grind Sumer Mountain to powder, it is possible with Purshartha. Please listen to a very important aspect of Purshartha. One day a person does something bad, and on the next day he feels sorry for the bad deed, and corrects his steps and does it right; his bad deed is written off. Even a person, who is disabled physically and is not able to put forward his hand to get Charna-Amrit, can break the earth into pieces with Pursharth.

NOTE :
This chapter seems to be a lesson in modern Project Management. Project management is the discipline of planning, organizing, securing and managing resources to bring about the successful completion of specific project goals and objectives. It can be seen that in this chapter all these aspects are covered.

NOTE ON INDRA:



INDRA

GARUDA

In Hindu myth, INDRA is married to Indrani and is the father of Arjuna through Kunti of Mahabharata. Indra rides Garuda, a large mythical bird or bird-like creature.
14 Manvantaras make up a Kalpa, a period corresponding to a day in the life of Brahma. Every Manvantara has 1 Indra that means with every Kalpa 14 Indras change.
In the Rig Veda, Indra is the king of the gods and ruler of the heavens. Indra is the god of thunder and rain and a great warrior, a symbol of courage and strength.
He under whose supreme control are horses, all chariots, the villages, and cattle;
He who gave being to the Sun and Morning, who leads the waters, He, O men, is Indra. (Rig Veda 2.12.7)
Indra is described with more human characteristics and vices than any other Vedic deity.
Story of Gautama's curse
Indra tricked Ahalya, the wife of Gautama Maharishi, in the guise of the saint into letting him make love to her. He was punished by Gautama with a curse that one thousand vaginas would cover his body in vulgar display, and that his reign as king of the gods would meet with disaster and catastrophe. The curse of the maharishi was something like this. "Your body will be covered by that which you desired so much". Gautama later commuted the curse, upon the pleading of Brahma, to one thousand eyes instead.
Due to this sin Indra's throne is supposed to remain insecure forever. He is repeatedly humiliated by demonic kings like Ravana of Lanka, whose son Indrajit (whose name means victory over Indra) bound Indra in serpent nooses and dragged him across Lanka in a humiliating display. Indrajit released Indra when Brahma convinced him to do so in exchange for celestial weapons, but Indra, as the defeated, had to pay tribute and accept Ravana's supremacy. Indra realized the consequences of his sin, and was later avenged by the Avatar of Vishnu, Rama, who slew Ravana to deliver the three worlds from evil, as described in the epic Ramayana.

END OF CHAPTER 4 of PART II
TO BE CONTINUED

August 12, 2011

YOGAVASHISHT PART II - CHAPTER 3

CHAPTER 3

RISHI VASHISHT DESCRIBES UNCOUNTABLE UNIVERSES

RISHI VASHISHT: O Ramji! Now I am going to tell you the discourse which was told to me by my father Brahma. Please listen to it with complete attention.

RAMA: O My Guru! I know you will surely tell me about the method of achieving Moksha. But, before that, a doubt has cropped up in my mind. Kindly clarify that first. You said that Sukhdev achieved Moksha and he was liberated from the cycle of birth and death. Kindly tell me why was his father Rishi Ved Vyas not relieved from the cycle of birth and death.

RISHI VASHISHT: O Ramji! You can see the rays of light coming from the sun. Besides this in the universe there are vibrations which cannot be seen. These vibrations create universes and the universes are countless. With passage of time the vibrations weaken, and thus the created universes also dissolve. In this process several universes are created and destroyed simultaneously. The process of creation and destruction goes on endlessly.

RAMA: It is correct. I am aware of existing universes. But, what about the universes which have been in the past, and which are going to come into future? Is there any count of these universes?

RISHI VASHISHT: O Ram! I said countless. Countless means several Crores. (1 Crore = 10 Million). It simply means that Crores of universes were created in the past. Crores of universes will be created in future. Crores are in the process of creation at present. There cannot be any count. Listen to reason for this. Each individual has his own universe. When a person dies and leaves his body, he comes back according to his karmas. He sees the illusion and realizes the existence of basic elements of Jal (water), Prithvi (Earth), Akash (Space) Agni (fire), Vayu (Air). With illusion of realization of these basic elements he creates his own universe. Thus, each individual sees his own universe with realization of the elements. Again when he dies, he comes back to another universe. Thus! Every individual has countless universes. Hence it is impossible to keep count of universes of Brahma, who is the creator. A child turns round and round, and when he stops he sees everything moving around him in circle. A person riding a boat feels the trees on the shore are moving. In dream one sees strange universes. In the same way, due to illusion one sees various universes. In fact nothing is created. There is only one eternal Atma which is steady within itself. Due to illusion this one eternal Atma seems many. This happens due to lack of knowledge. O Ram! You asked about Rishi Ved Vyas. I have seen Ved Vyas in thirty two forms. Ten times he was same. Twelve times he was in different forms which were astonishing. In future also there are going to be eight Ved Vyas who will recite Mahabharata. After that he will drop the body permanently and become free of cycle of birth and death. At that time, I, along with Rishi Valmiki, Rishi Bhrigu, Rishi Angra and many others will become free of cycle of birth and death.
O Ram! Certain creations are similar to each other; and certain creations are different. Men, Devatas (gods), animals, birds, are created some time in the same form, and some time in other forms. All these changes happen due to birth and death. But in reality there is neither death nor birth. No one comes and no one goes. It is all illusion and illusion is result of no knowledge. Anyone who cares to research this subject will not be able to reach any conclusion. Nothing can be achieved by knowing alone. O Ram! One who is born with pure Atma, one who has purged of all desires, one who has stilled his Atma does not have desire of achieving anything; not even the desire of being free from the cycle of birth and death. This sort of person is always steadfast in non-duality. Therefore Rishi Ved Vyas does not possess desire of getting rid of cycle of birth and death.

NOTE:
This is a very important chapter. It is interesting to see that this narration is by Rishi Valmiki. Also this narration is a history which is being told by Rishi Valmiki to Rishi Bharadwaj. Yet in the text we see the name of Rishi Valmiki. Therefore it will not be proper to analyses this text in the usual time frame. Here time frame looses its relevance. Rishi Vashisht says “I have seen Ved Vyas thirty two times”. This shows that these great Rishis have been taking birth in various forms in various eras which might be separated by Kalpas. Following table will clarify the time frame envisaged in text like Yoga vashisht.

There are 1,000 cycles of Mahayugas in one day of Brahma.
• One cycle of the four Yugas is one Mahayuga (4.32 million solar years)
• As is confirmed by the Gita statement "sahasra-yuga paryantam ahar-yad brahmano viduh", meaning, a day of Brahma is of 1000 Mahayugas. Thus a day of Brahma, Kalpa, is of duration: 4.32 billion solar years. Two Kalpas constitute a day and night of Brahma
• A Manvantara consists of 71 Mahayugas (306,720,000 solar years). Each Manvantara is ruled by a Manu.
• After each Manvantara follows one Sandhi Kala of 1,728000 solasr years. It is said that during a Sandhi Kala, the entire earth is submerged in water.
• A Kalpa consists of a period of 1,728,000 solar years called Adi Sandhi, followed by 14 Manvantaras and Sandhi Kalas.
• Probably, Sandhi Kala is the flood described in Matsya Purana of Hindus, and flood described in Genesis in Bible and also in Quran.
From the above it will be seen that it is impossible for human mind to interpret the events in Yoga Vashisht with the time frame known to humanity today.
END OF CHAPTER 3 of PART II
TO BE CONTINUED





August 9, 2011

YOGAVASHISHT PART - II - CHAPTER 2

Rishi Vishvamitra after narrating the story of Sukhadeva told Raja Dasrath;

RISHI VISHWAMITRA: O Maharaja Dasrath! Just as Sukhdev was a person with unpolluted and intelligent mind; exactly in the same way your son Rama also possesses a mind which is pure and unblemished. To still his senses Sukhadev did not require any guidance; in the same way Rama also does not require any directions from me. He has overcome the desires which are enjoyed behind a curtain. What is necessary to know, your son Rama already knows it. Now! The only thing which is required is some effort to still the vibrations of the mind; to achieve the complete silence of senses.
O Maharaja! A person with knowledge is not affected by the predicaments of body and mind; in the same way desires for the luxuries and comforts of life cannot even touch Ramachandra. Persons with desire for luxuries and passions, becomes weak because attachments are produced. What destroys the desires is called Moksha. As the desires to enjoy the luxuries of the life increase, the man fall deeper and deeper in the mire and gets soiled. But! A person who keeps reducing the needs becomes illuminated on the path of spirituality. The ultimate aim is to reach the state of Sat-Chit-Ananda (Absolute Truth – Pure Consciousness – Eternal Bliss). Sat-Chit-Ananda leads one to union with divinity. Just as it is not possible for any tree to grow on Mount Meru, in the same way no desire or craving or yearning will take root in the mind of a person with true knowledge.
O Raja Dasrath! Now Rama needs complete silence of senses. This can only be achieved under the able guidance of revered Rishi Vashisht. It is also proper to seek guidance of Rishi Vashisht, as he is the family Guru of your Raghuvanshi family. In the past also many Raghuvanshis have attained knowledge. Rishi Vashish is respected as knower of past present and future.
Rishi Vishwantra turned his face to Rishi Vashisht and said:
RISHI VISHWAMITRA: O revered Rishi Vashisht! I am sure you remember the quarrel which we had. To surmount our disputes you had given a discourse at mountain Brahma-Mandranchal, so that there will be always peace in the world and all the desires will be surmounted. Kindly tell Rama the same sacred words. Rama is truly worthy of such knowledge. Milk of a cow is sacred, yet when it is stored in an animal hide, it becomes polluted. Rama is a vessel which is fit to obtain the knowledge which you possess, as it will be useful. There is no point in giving knowledge to person who is unfit to receive it, as it will be a waste.
Rishi Valmiki said to Bharadvaj: On hearing these words from Rishi Vishvamitra, Narad Muni and Rishi Ved Vyas were pleased and agreed with Rishi Vishwamitra that his suggestion was perfect. In reply son of Brahma, Rishi Vashisht said:
RISHI VASHISHT: No one is capable of saying no to the directions given by the learned Rishis. Therefore I humbly accept the advice given by you. My father Brahma had taught me in this subject. I remember every word of it. I will repeat the same sacred words to Rama, which will dissolve all his doubts

STORY OF QUARREL BETWEEN RISHI VISHVAMITRA AND RISHI VASHISHT:
Rishi Vishwamitra is considered to be one of the most revered rishis (sages) of the ancient India. As per the holy Puranas, there have been only 24 Rishis in India who have the Gayatri Mantra. It is believed that Sage Vishwamitra is the first saint of the 24 saints, and Sage Yajnavalkya the last. He also claims the distinction of being the author of the majority portion of the Mandala 3 of the Rig-Veda.
Before becoming a Rishi, Vishwamitra was Raja Kaushika. One day, Raja Kaushika along with his army passed by Ashram of Rishi Vashisht. At that time Vasisht was performing a Yagna (Fire sacrifice). He was in deep meditation. After completion of the sacrifice, Vishisht appropriately honoured the Raja and requested to accept his hospitality. Raja thought that there will much inconvenience to Rishi Vishisht in entertaining him because he was having a large army, Raja Kaushika decided to go with modesty. But considering repeated requests of Vishisht, Kaushika accepted his hospitality for a few days. Rishi Vishisht invoked cow Kamdhenu and requested her to arrange for six types of dishes and all kinds of easements to facilitate the joy for the Raja and his army. Accepting his request the cow Kamdhenu made all the arrangements as requested. The Raja and his army were satisfied very much with the hospitality of Rishi Vishisht.

Impressed with the miracle of the cow Kamdhenu and with the idea to get the same, Raja Kaushika said to Vasistha that the cow like Kamdhenu should be the property of the Raja instead of the person residing in forest. So, you please give it to me. I will give you a large amount of wealth in return of the cow. However, the sage declined the offer. Enraged at the refusal of sage Vasisht, he ordered his army to forcefully take the cow to his kingdom. The sage used his yogic powers to bring forth a huge militia of fierce warriors, who defeated the army of Kaushika. Kaushika was captured and brought before the sage, who pardoned him.

The above mentioned incident deeply affected Kaushika and made him realize that power of penance was greater than that of physical strength. He relinquished his throne and began his journey to become a sage, greater than even Vasisht. After undergoing intense meditation and severe asceticism, he was bestowed with the title of Brahmarishi by Lord Brahma himself. He was given the name of 'Vishwamitra' (friend of universe).

Out of this story a very important point emerges. In Hindus there is caste system consisting of Brahmans, Kshtriyas, Vaishyas and Sudras. This caste system is not dependent upon the birth of a person. It can be changed by the work that is being done by a person. Rishi Vishwamitra was a Kshtriya by birth. But! Later by virtue of his hard work and study he became a Brahman
.
END OF CHAPTER 2
TO BE CONTINUED

August 3, 2011

YOGAVASHISHT - PART II - CHAPTER 1

RISHI VALMIKI: O Bharadvaj! These words which you heard give great satisfaction and joy to a person. When a person earns good karmas over many lives, then only one gets an opportunity to listen to words like these. Ordinary persons will have no interest in things like this. O Bharadvaj! When Narad Muni finished praise of what was said by Rama, Rishi Vishamitra said as follows.

RISHI VISHWAMITRA: O Sri Ramachandra, you are more learned than most of the knowledgeable persons. What should be known by you, you already know it. Now there is nothing left for you to know. When dirt is removed from the mirror, the reflection is seen clearly in the mirror. But in your case mirror of your mind is absolutely clears. Hence there is no need to teach anything further to you.
O Ramachandra! Just like you there was one Sukhadev, son of Rishi Ved Vyas. Sukhadev was also very intelligent. All that he needed was a bit of guidance. After getting the guidance he also reached the ultimate goal of Moksha.

RAMA: O Muneshwar! I am interested in hearing the story of Sukhadev. How he reached Moksha. Kindly tell me the entire story.

RISHI VISHVAMITRA NARRATES STORY OF SUKHADEV TO RAMA

RISHI VISHVAMITRA: O Rama! Sukhdev was son of great Rishi Ved Viyas. He knew what truth is and what is untruth. Sukhdev was well versed with all the scriptures and Vedas. But he was not aware of Shanti (silence of mind). He had not experienced the bliss or delight of a stilled Atma. He was always in doubt about his knowledge, because he had not witnessed the true happiness. To clear his doubts he went to his father Rishi Ved Vyas, who was living at Sumer Mountain. Sukhdev asked his father to clarify his doubts that he had regarding Atma. Rishi Ved Vyas tried to explain to him the complex problem. Yet, Sukhdeva could not understand it. Rishi Ved Vyas thought that he is my son, so he might be taking me lightly. Hence Rishi Ved Vyas told Sukhadeva to go to Raja Janak, who was a great scholar and a realized soul. He is a person who will be able to get you rid of attachments. After getting this advice, Sukhdev, reached Mithlapuri, kingdom of Raja Janak. Sukhadev went to the main gate of the palace and requested the guard to tell Raja Janak, that Sukhdev son of Riushi Ved Vyas has come to meet the Raja.
When the guard told Raja Janak about sukhadev, Raja immediately understood the purpose of visit of Sukhadev. Raja told the guard to tell Sukhadev to wait. Sukhadev kept waiting at the palace gate for seven days. On seventh day Raja enquired about Sukhadev, whether he was still waiting or he had left. Raja instructed the guard to make Sukhadev wait on the second palace gate. There also Sukhadev waited for seven days. Thereafter Raja instructed the guard to bring Sukhadev into the palace and provide best of food and comforts of the palace. Yet Sukhadev was not allowed to meet Raja. In the palace Sukhadev was treated with utmost respect and provided with all the luxuries. He was taken to the women’s quarters where beautiful women were eager to please him.
Raja Janak enquired, what was the difference in personality of Sukhadev, before and after entering the palace. The guard told Raja that Sukhadev is as he was. Raja was told that Sukhadev was not unhappy due to insult of being kept waiting; nor is he happy after being honoured in the palace. Just as Sumer Mountain does not move due to winds, in the same way Sukhadev is not affected by insults or respect. After hearing this from the guard, Raja ordered that Sukhadev may be granted the audience to meet Raja.
Sukhaved was brought before Raja immediately. Raja Janak, after offering respects due to a Brahmin, offered Sakhadev a place to sit next to Raja. Raja enquired the reason of visit of Sukhadev. Sukhadev said, O Raja! Kindly tell me how this universe was created and how is it going to end. Raja Janak told the same thing to Sukhadev what was told by his father Rishi Ved Vyas. On hearing the same thing, Sukhadev said “O Raja! What you tell me, the same thing was told to me by my father. I also know by what I have studied, that the universe is created by the vibrations of the mind. This will end only when the vibrations of the mind are stilled. But unfortunately I am unable to control the vibrations of the mind. Raja Janak replied “O Sukhdev! What I have told you, and what you know is one and same. You have to concentrate and contemplate upon this knowledge for a very long time, then only you will be able to achieve ultimate happiness and stillness. In fact you have come to me to learn. But the Fact is that you know more than me. I have desires of my body but my Atma has no desire. In your case your body and Atma, both have given up desires.

RISHI VISHVAMITRA: O Ramachandra! On hearing this from Raja Janak, Sukhadev understood. He went to Sumer Mountain and started meditating there in a cave. Sukhadev meditated for ten thousand years in the cave of Mount Meru. Just as the oil lamp is extinguished after the oil is exhausted, in the same way Sukhadev, stilled all his desires and reached Moksha.

NOTE ON RAJA JANAK: According to the epic Ramayana and Mahabharata, the Janakas were a race of kings who ruled Videha Kingdom from their capital Mithila. The Janakas were known to be well-versed in the knowledge of the Atman, and remained free from attachments even while living as householders and rulers. Janaka was not only a brave king, but was also as well-versed in the scriptures and Vedas as any rishi. He was the beloved pupil of Yaajnavalkya, whose exposition of Brahman to the king forms one chapter of the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad. In the Bhagavad Gita, Sri Krishna cites Seeradhwaj Janaka as an illustrious example of the Karma yoga. Janaka was also said to be a Rajarshi having spiritually advanced and reached the state of a rishi, though he was a king administrating the kingdom of Mithila. He was also instructed by sage Ashtavakra upon the nature of the self or Atman; this exposition forms the content of the famous treatise Ashtavakra Gita.
The father of Sita (the wife of Rama) was named Seeradwaja Janaka

NOTE ON RISHI VED VYAS: Hindus traditionally hold that Vyasa categorized the original single Veda into four. Hence he was called Veda Vyasa, or "Splitter of the Vedas," the splitting being a feat that allowed people to understand the divine knowledge of the Veda. The word vyasa means split, differentiate, or describe.
It has been debated whether Vyasa was a single person or a class of scholars who did the splitting. The Vishnu Purana has a theory about Vyasa. The Hindu view of the universe is that of a cyclic phenomenon that comes into existence and dissolves repeatedly. Each cycle is presided over by a number of Manus, one for each Manvantara, that has four ages, Yugas of declining virtues. The Dvapara Yuga is the third Yuga. The present and fourth yuga is Kaliyuga, which started on 23 January 3102 BC. This date is also considered by many Hindus to be the day that Krishna left earth to return to his abode

NOTE ON VIBRATIONS: Quantum physics states that everything in the universe is pure energy, differing only in rate of vibration. Vibration is an integral component of the great continuum of the Universe, manifesting an infinite number of characteristics. Energy is vibration; human beings consist entirely of pure Energy in the form of a physical body, even though the human body and physical surroundings might appear to be solid in accordance with the five physical senses. This precisely what is said above “that the universe is created by the vibrations of the mind. This will end only when the vibrations of the mind are stilled. But unfortunately I am unable to control the vibrations of the mind” Vibrations will continue to
appear in or the other way through out the book Yagavashisht.

END OF CHAPTER 1 of Part II
TO BE CONTINUED

July 29, 2011

YOGAVASHISHT - PART I

CHAPTER 20

The story of Yogavashish is being told to Rishi Bhardvaj by Rish Valmiki.
Rishi Valmiki: When Rama finished describing his woes to Risi Vishvamitra, every person present was stunned. The entire court with Rishi Vashisht, Vandev, Vishvamitra, other Rishis and Munis, Maharaja Dasrath, Mother Kaushaliya, the ministers and courtiers, and all the persons went mute. From the heavens, Devatas (gods), Sidhas (evolved souls), Gandharvas (Nymphs), Vidyadhars (knowledgeable souls) who had specially arrived to listen to Rama started sprinkling flower petals. The animals and birds in the palace gardens also became still.

Devatas said: we are fortunate to hear such auspicious words. We have witnessed many great utterances in the past, but, we have never heard words like these before. After listening to you, our ego of being gods has vanished, and our knowledge has increased. O shining moon of Raghuvanshis! The words that you have said, cannot be uttered even by our Guru Brhaspati,the Deva Guru (Guru of gods). Because of Rama Raghuvanshi clan is fit to be worshiped. Now we are eagerly waiting to listen to the answer from Rishi Vishamitra, to the questions asked by Rama.

At that time several other Rishis like Narad, Palha, Palastya entered the royal court to listen to Rishi Vishwamitra’s answer. Along with the great Rishis, there were Father of Brhaspati Aangra, Rishi Bhrigu, and I (Rishi Valmiki) also entered the royal court. Some has huge matted hair, some had crown on their heads, some had strings of pearls around their neck, some had Rudraksha Malas, some had Deers skins on there shoulders, some had, Karmandalas (Water jugs) in their hands, some had Langots (Plain cloth around waist), some were wearing beautiful and colourful clothes, some had gold chains around their waist. Amongst the colourful atmosphere Rama was siting still with eyes closed and hands folded.

On seeing the revered Rishis entering the royal court, all other Rishis, Raja Dasrath along with all the courtiers got up, and started offering their salutations and respects to the respected guests. There were offered appropriate seats and their feet were washed with rose water.

Narad Muni who was sitting near Rama, said: O Rama! you seem to be a person with a noble Atma (soul) who are born on the earth rarely and after ages. The words that you have said are of great intelligence and are going to a source of deliverance and liberation for the entire humanity. Every one has appreciated the word said by you. There are many men in the world, but the persons who really want to reach the ultimate goal of deathlessness are extremely rare. There are many who have taken birth on the earth, but the persons who want good of the entire universe are scarce. There are many trees in the world, but tree of Sandalwood is rare, which makes the atmosphere fragrant. Ordinary persons are made of blood, flesh and bones, and are like Kathputli (Puppets; literally doll made of wood), whose strings are controlled by senses. They are Agyanis. Gyanis are men of conscience and are extraordinary. You have a receptive mind. It will not take much effort to make you understand the ultimate truth. Now be ready to receive the true knowledge.

THUS ENDS PART- I of YOGAVASHISHT

PART –II TO BE CONTINUED

YOGAVASHISHT -PART I

CHAPTER 19
Regarding Renunciation

Rama: O Muneshwar! People who are secure about their long life are fools. This life is like a drop of water upon a leaf. In the same way one does not know when the drop of water will fall from leaf or evaporate. Just as a cat does nor warn the mouse before pouncing upon it; exactly in the same way Death pounces without any warning.

O Great Vishwamitra! I am suffering from the affliction of this life. Kindly suggest to me some cure for it. How to get a cured, from the disease of attachment, to pleasures of flesh. Only Agyanis (one without knowledge) find the life and material possessions pleasurable. But; for Gyanis (Knowledgeable) no object in all the three worlds appears to be beautiful or pleasurable. Gyanis consider everything to be transitory which will be consumed by death one of these days.

O Rishi Vishwamitra! The moon is having a dark spot in it, and therefore it is not beautiful enough. In the same way, my mind, which is like moon, is having a dark spot due to passion for Kama(sex). My moon like mind will become spotless and beautiful only when passion for Kama is overcome.

My mind is like a monkey who is always jumping around. Mind is like a drop of mercury which is never at rest. This world is like a jungle, which is full of snake-like luxuries. Kindly tell me a method to avoid being stung by the snakes.

I am aware, in the past; several great souls have attained the state of overcoming all the desires and thus; have conquered fear of death. Kindly tell me that technique which will make my mind also quite and stable. I should have nothing to do with the body. I want to be just like a picture on a piece paper, which neither breathes, nor eats, nor does anything. I want to give up food and chores of life like bathing and want to give up ego completely. Just as an oil-lamp extinguishes when the oil is exhausted, in the same way I will also achieve ultimate silence and peace.

After narrating the above; Rishi Valmiki said to Rishi Bharadvaj: O Bharadvaj, Rama fell silent after saying all this to Rishi Vishwamitra in court of his father king Dasrath.

NOTE:
Yogavashisht is the story which is being told by Rishi Valmiki to Rishi Bharadvaj. Please refer to chapter 1 and chapter 2, to know more about Rishi Valmiki and Rishi Bharadvaj.

END OF CHAPTER 19
TO BE CONTINUED

June 27, 2011

YOGAVASHISHT - PART I

CHAPTER 18
Regarding Nature of Death
Rama continues with his narration regarding death.
Rama: O Muneshwar! All that is seen in this world is transitory, and are source of all the sorrows. These are meaningless. All the luxuries of life are in fact sickness. The luxuries and attachments make the man slave of sense objects. A person considers worldly possessions and attachments as real. But in reality these are not real. When the acquired material is lost, the person feels miserable. A person considers his wife and sons as his own and feels that they will standby him. But when Death attacks, no one stands by.
Mind of the human being is always in a state of instability. Ego of the man is the greatest obstacle and is source of downfall for every one. Therefore I do not desire all these things. Though all the material objects appear to be very beautiful and pleasing; but they are neither delightful nor are they lasting. For this reason I do not find the life interesting.
All the creations like Daityas, Adityas, Gods, Angles, Gandharvsa, Seas, Prithvi, Akaas, Sun, Moon, Kings, even Brahma, Vishnu, Rudra (Shiva) are to be consumed by Yama, the god of death. Then in this situation, is it possible for me to stand unharmed in front of death?
All this world is nothing but Maya (Unreal). Only ignorant can depend upon it. I can’t depend upon something which is unreal. Where there were deep valleys, now there are vast seas. Where there were beautiful gardens, now there are wild jungles. Where there were cities, now there is wilderness. Where there were huge mountains, now there is plain ground. O Muneshwar! Everything is constantly changing. All the Chakrawarti Kings are consumed by merciless Death. In the same way some day I will have to depart too. No matter how attached one is to the family and to the things of this world, whatever efforts one makes, ultimately one has to leave them behind. Death has to be ultimate end.
No matter however powerful one is; however knowledgeable one is; however much one loves his family and children; one still has to leave this world; because Death is will not spare anyone. Worldly pleasures and the so called happiness of family life are both only temporary. There is no escape. Death is inevitable. Death is beyond control of any one.
Those who are knowledgeable (Gyani) shun all the worldly possessions and pleasures of senses and flesh; because these comforts and pleasures are not eternal. Hence I neither consider death as unhappiness, nor do I consider life as happiness. I do not have any desire. I neither desire kingdom nor do I desire comforts of home.
Just as darkness cannot be eradicated without light of sun, in the same way sorrows cannot be avoided without self-realization.
I humbly request you O Great Rishi! Suggest to me some method so that the very roots of desires are destroyed once for all.

NOTE ON YAMA THE GOD OF DEATH:
Yama is the son of Surya (Sun) and twin brother of Yami, or Yamuna, traditionally the first human pair in the Vedas. Yama's name can be interpreted to mean "twin", and in some myths he is paired with a twin sister Yami.
Surya, the Sun God, has two sons Shani and Yama . Shani gives us the results of one's deeds through one's life through appropriate punishments and rewards. On the other hand, Yama grants the results of one's deeds after death.
He is one of the Guardians of the directions and represents the south. Yama is also the god of justice and is sometimes referred to as Dharma or Dharamraja (King of justice). In Mahabharata, Dharamaraja, is the father of Yudhisthira the oldest brother of the five Pandavas.
One legend relates the story of how Lord Shiva protected Markandeya from the clutches Yama, the God of death.
Mrikandu Rishi and his wife Marudmati worshipped Lord Shiva and sought from him the boon of begetting a son. As a result Lord Shiva gave the choice of either a gifted son, but with a short life on earth or a child of low intelligence but with a long life. Mrikandu Rishi chose the former, and was blessed with Markandeya, an exemplary son, destined to die at the age of 16.
Markandeya grew up to be a great devotee of Shiva and on the day of his destined death he continued his worship of Shiva in form of Shivalingam. The messengers of Yama, the god of death were unable to take away his life because of his great devotion and worship of Shiva. Yama then came in person to take away Markandeya's life, and sprung his noose around the young sage's neck. By accident of fate the noose mistakenly landed around the Shivalingam, and out of it, Shiva emerged in all his fury attacking Yama for his act of aggression. After defeating Yama in battle to the point of death Shiva then revived him, under the condition that the devout youth would live forever. For this act, Shiva





YAMA GOD OF DEATH

SHIVA DEFENDS MARKENDEYA FROM DEATH



Pictures taken from WIKIPEDIA




END OF CHAPTER 18




TO BE CONTINUED





June 23, 2011

YOGAVASHISHT - PART I

CHAPTER 17

REGARDING DEATH

Rama continued his talk with Rishi Vishwamitra (Muneshwar)

Rama: O Muneshwar! This earth is like a huge pit. The pit is full of persons who do not understand. They do not have the real knowledge. They are ignorant. The ignorant persons have lot many desires. But the persons, who have the knowledge and understanding, consider the world unreal. They do not get trapped in the web of desires. On the other hand the persons who are ignorant consider this world as real and develop lot many desires and strive for enjoyment of sense objects. All the possessions collected by the ignorant are bound to perish as they are not really in existence. The possessions are not stable. O Muneshwar! All that exists is a morsel of death. Just as a mongoose eats mighty snake, in the same way death consumes even persons as large as Sumer Mountain. Death cannot be seen. Yet everything is its fodder. Just as lion kills and eats a deer, in the same way Death eats away worshipful Brahma and Vishnu.

NOTE: This part is very interesting. In Vedas, there is trinity of Brahma (Creator), Vishnu (Sustainer) and Shiva (God of death). Here, Rama who is incarnation of Vishnu says “Death eats away Brahma and Vishnu”. The name of Shiva is missing. Therefore it is logical to believe that Shiva the god of Death is the supreme god who is more powerful than Brahma and Vishnu.

No one can really know death. In fact death is time. Hence death can be known by seconds, hours, days, weeks, months and years. Death does not allow any thing to be permanent. Death has sown a vine, which has branches which are nights, and flowers which are days. On these branches and flowers bumblebees, which are life come and sit. They sit for a while and fly away. In this way life is momentary. This life is like a tree. Elephant like death comes and eats away the leaves from the tree of life. Death does not spare any one. One which is created, be it a low level creation like and ant or a very high level creation like a Devatas (angles), Death does not spare it. O Muneshwar! Death is ruthless. He has no mercy for anyone. Just as deer eats all the lotus flowers without sparing a single, in the same way Death consumes everyone. Just as fire does not get satisfied no matter how much oil one pours, in the same way Death does not get satisfied no matter how many lives it consumes. Its stomach is very large.
Death is very powerful. It can make a grain out of Sumer Mountain; and a Sumer Mountain out of a grain. In other words Death can make an ocean out of a drop; or a drop out of an ocean. Therefore I am always afraid of death. Kindly suggest some method so that I become fearless in front of death.

NOTE ON MOUNT SUMER:
Mount Sumer is also known as Mount Meru, and Mount Sumeru. Word Sumeru means Excellent Meru (Su+Meru). This is a mythological mountain, which is recognised by Hindu, Budhist and Jain religions. The mountain is said to be 84,000 Yojanas high which is around 1,082,000 km or 85 times the Earth's diameter; and having the Sun along with all its planets and stars in the Solar System revolve around it as one unit. This makes determining its location most difficult. However, some western scholars have tried hard to identify Mount Meru or Sumeru with the Pamirs, north-east of Kashmir.
There is an interesting story regarding Mount Sumeru in Hindu mythology. Sumeru Mountain is place where only Chakrawarti Emperors (Emperor who has conquered the entire world) are allowed to engrave their name on the mountain after they die and enter Paradise. One great Emperor died with a desire to engrave his name on Sumeru Mountain. It was a tradition in olden days that when king died all his wives committed Sati (Wives burnt on the pyre, after death of husband). This Emperor also had hundreds of wives, who were burnt along with the dead body of their husband. The Emperor reached gates of heaven along with his wives. The man at the gate knew that this person is a Chakrawarti Emperor; and he gave some instruments to the Emperor to engrave his name on Mount Sumeru. But; be advised the Emperor to go there alone. The Emperor was reluctant to go alone; as there would be no one to testify that the Emperor really engraved his name on Mount Sumeru. The gate keeper laughed and told the Emperor that since generations and generations this advice is given to every one who goes to Mount Sumeru. But if the Emperor insists, he will permit his wives also to accompany him. But this will result in embarrassment to the Emperor. The Emperor thought that the gatekeeper who has been there since generations should know better. Hence, the Emperor went to Mount Sumeru alone. To his utter surprise the Emperor saw that there was no pace to write his name there as the entire mountain was completely covered with names of Chakrawarti Emperors who had been there earlier. The Emperor returned back to the gatekeeper and narrated his story. The gate keeper told the Emperor that he will share a secret with him. He should go there once again and erase some name and write his name in that place. And this is not new; this has been happening for centuries. You have to remove somebody’s name and create space for your signature. The emperor said,”But that takes all the joy out of it. Somebody will come and remove my name some day.” The gatekeeper replied that this is tradition since time immemorial. It is up to you, whether to write your name there or not.
There are several lessons this story can convey. The reader has to apply his mind to really
understand the moral of the story.





















Mt. Sumeru Budhist Painting Mt. Sumeru Jain Painting
END OF CHAPTER 17

TO BE CONTINUED

June 9, 2011

YOGAVASHISHT - PART I

CHAPTER 15 & 16
RAMA DESCRIBES PITFALLS OF YOUTH

Rama continued his dialogue with Rishi Vishvamitra (Muneshwar).
Rama: Hey Rishi Vishvamitra! After childhood, a person enters the portals of youth. This age is also not good. When a person enters youth, Kamadev comes in his way.

NOTE ON KAMADEV:
Kamadeva is the handsome love god. His attributes are a bow of sugarcane strung with a line of hummingbirds from which he shoots arrows of desire. Kamadeva rides a parrot. He is the son of Lakshmi and Vishnu or Brahma. Kamadeva can be equated to the Roman love god Cupid or Greek god Eros.
In Puranas, Kamadeva is shown as rising from the mind of the creator Brahma. At some places he is son of Sri; another name of Laxmi, consort of Vishnu. Kamadeva's consort is Rati, whose very essence is desire, carries a discus and a lotus, her arms are compared with lotus-stalks.
There is a myth about Kamadeva’s incineration, described in Matsya Purana and Shaiva Purana. Indra and the gods are suffering at the hands of the demon Tarakasur, who cannot be defeated except by Shiva's son. Brahma who advises that Parvati woo Shiva; their offspring will be able to defeat Taraka. Indra assigns Kamadeva to break Shiva's meditation. To create a congenial atmosphere, Kamadeva (Madana another name of Kamadeva which means ‘intoxicating’) creates an untimely spring. He evades Shiva's guard, Nandin, by taking the form of the fragrant southern breeze, and enters Shiva's abode. After he awakens Shiva with a flower arrow, Shiva, furious, opens his third eye, which incinerates Madana instantaneously and he is turned into ash. However Shiva observes Parvati and asks her how he can help her. She enjoins him to resuscitate Madana, and Shiva agrees to let Madana live but in a disembodied form, hence Kamadeva is also called 'Ananga'(Bodiless). The spirit of love embodied by Kama is now disseminated across the cosmos: it affects Shiva, whose union with Parvati is consummated.
Their son Kartikeya goes on to defeat Taraka.





Kamadev riding Parrot












Kamdev Reduced to ashes by Shiva












(Above images are downloaded from Wikipedia)



Kamadeva flames desires and intoxicates the mind. Just as sun causes the sunflower to bloom, and ultimately the sun only causes the drying and withering away of the petals; similarly youth makes the body and mind bloom and ultimately the body is dissipated.

O Muneshwar! All the bad habits creep in during youth just as ants creep in the sweets. A person, who indulges in satisfaction of his flesh as happiness, is in fact a fool. Just as thieves, under the cover of dark night enter the house to steal; in the same way thieves like Kama (lust), Krodha (anger), Lobha (greed), Moha (attachments) and Ahankara (ego) enter the person during youth, which is like a dark night. These thieves take away Atma-Gyan (Knowledge of Self or of Atma the Soul). Thus a person is made to suffer.
O Muneashwar for these reasons I am not interested in enjoying the age of youth.

O Muneshwar! The youth is a great enemy of a person. Those who are who are not singed by Kama and Krodha are blessed. The person, who is away from these maladies, is a very strong and intelligent person. But the person who gets entangled into claws of Kama and Krodha is no better than an animal.

The senses get enticed by the pleasures of the body and flesh. The mind gets inauspicious thoughts. These inauspicious thoughts make the pleasures colorful. A youth is always enamored and captivated by the charms of a woman. But on seeing her in the right perspective it will be seen that the body of the woman is nothing but flesh, bones, blood and excreta. It is a like a kathputli (Puppet), whose strings are controlled by her own Atma (Soul). It is only because the man does not see a woman with the real eyes; she looks enchanting and delightful to him.

Just as the poison ivy looks beautiful, but on touching it gives a nasty rash, in the same way touch of a woman will destroy the man. This can be compared to an elephant tied in chains. In the same way an ignorant man is focused on woman with the chains of passion, and cannot think of anything else. When the elephant tied in chains is hit with hook by the mahout; it breaks the chains and goes in the direction pointed by the mahout. In the present case the elephant in chains is the ignorant man tied with chains of passion and the mahout with the hook is the Guru.

O Muneshwar! A man who is obsessed with the charms of a woman, invites self destruction. The moment the woman gets separated from him even for a short while, he starts burning in fires of desire. Therefore; O Muneshwar I am aware that woman is the root cause of all the sorrows.

O Munshwar! One who has given up company of woman; has given up this world. It is because a woman is seed of this universe.

END OF CHAPTERS 15 & 16

TO BE CONTINUED

June 8, 2011

YOGAVASHISHT - PART I

CHAPTER 14
RAMA TALK ABOUT CHILDHOOD

Rama: Hey Muneshwar! When Atma (Spirit) comes back to take birth again; it takes birth in this world as a child. In this period of childhood, it remains very unhappy. Childhood has many shortcomings. Child is always demanding something, and always remains unsatisfied. He is very fickle minded. He is always indecisive, unpredictable and erratic. On top of it he gets frightened easily. His all desires are without application of mind. When he gets some thing, he feels a momentary happiness. In childhood the conscience and mind are not developed. He is always dependent upon someone. Therefore Hey Muneshwar! I do not desire to be in this state of dependence and helplessness. When, the child starts studies under a teacher, he gets mortally afraid of the teacher. He has to suffer like a mute man who cannot talk. Only thing good about childhood is that he seems attractive due to his innocence. Otherwise there is no other quality in childhood. Hence Hey great Rishi I do not wish to remain in this lowly state of childhood.

END OF CHAPTER 14

TO BE CONTINUED

June 5, 2011

YOGAVASHISHT - PART I

CHAPTER 11, 12 and 13
RAMA TALKS ABOUT FALSE EXPCTATIONS OF THE MIND

Rama: Hey Rishi Vishvamitra! My mind is prevailed upon by passion, anger, greed, attachment and ego. Because of this my mind is weak. My mind is not tuning towards good deeds and noble thoughts. I am unable to concentrate upon the sayings of sages. My mind is not responsive to detachment. I am trapped in the storm of desires. Just as the tail of a peacock is never still in the wind; similarly my mind is always looking out to wards enjoyment of worldly pleasures. Just as a dog keeps going from door to door for scrap of food, in the same way my mind also keeps imagining methods of getting the pleasures of worldly objects. Sum and substance is that ultimately one gets nothing. Yet the expectations of fulfilling more and more desires keep mounting.
Hey Great Rishi! Now I have no desire to enjoy anything. I find all the possessions of this world as worthless, valueless and insignificant. I also do not desire wealth. Yet my mind (Chit) keeps lusting for the luxuries of life. Only those persons reach the ultimate destination, who strive to conquer the mind and ego.

Hey Rishi Vishvamitra! This body which we inherit at the time of birth is nothing but bones, blood, flesh, excreta and all filthy matter. This body is neither inanimate nor animate. I cannot call it inanimate and lifeless (Jad) because all the actions (karmas) are achieved with the body only. Also all worldly relationships are possible with this body only. At the same time I cannot call it animate and conscious (Chetan) because it does not have any knowledge (Gyan). That is the reason this body is considered something in-between. In the body there is Soul(Atma) which is conscious (Chetan); but body by itself it is a bundle of bones, flesh, blood and excreta. The body is not permanent. It has to wither away and some time or the other.
The body remains happy when it gets its desires fulfilled to its satisfaction. But it becomes unhappy when the reverse happens. Hence this body is a source of great grief and misery. The body which is already impure becomes further polluted and contaminated when it comes in contact with ego. Contact with ego produces arrogance. This contaminated body with ego and arrogance talks only about I, ME and MINE and never keeps quite. All these words are meaningless and futile.
In the body lives a filthy man named Mada (Pride), who is married to equally fithy woman named Maatsaraya (Envy) and has children named Kama (Lust), Krodha (Anger), Lobha (Greed) and Moha (Attachment). In this home with such undesirable persons living in it, pious person like Gyan (Knowledge) can never enter. I do not desire this impure place to live in, called Sarira (Body).
Hey Rishi! Intelligent persons live in pious places. They do not live in irreverent places. The irreverent place that I am taking about is the body. The mind which resides in the impure body also becomes impure.
Hey Muneshwar! This body is like a piece of wood which is fit to be consumed by the fire of knowledge. One who has not burnt his body in the flames of knowledge has suffered a lot. Neither this body belongs to me, nor do I belong to this body. Now I have no craving for anything. I am a man without any longing, and therefore I have no relationship with this Sarira (Body).
Hey Rishi! One, who has done away with arrogance, has achieved Param-Anand (Eternal Bliss). All the suffering in this world is due to consciousness of the body. Just as all the rivers come together and ultimately merge into the sea, exactly in the same way all the sufferings come to the man who has consciousness and arrogance of the body. One who considers this body to be lasting and eternal, is in fact preparing himself for the endless series of births and deaths. Just as a dream is not reality, in the same way this Samsara (Universe) is also not reality. One, who considers the Samsara (Universe) as a reality, is creating bondage for himself. The bondage will ultimately lead him to the jaws of death. Just as a fire-moth goes to the lamp and ultimately gets burnt, in the same way a man abandons his physical only due to arrogance and ego. One, who has no arrogance for his body, also does not have craving for experience of pleasures. I am completely disillusioned by this the body which is temporary and transient. I yearn for that by which I will be free of the cycle of birth and death, and will not be reborn in this world again and again.
END OF CHAPTERS 11, 12 & 13
TO BE CONTINUED

June 3, 2011

YOGAVASHISHT - PART I

CHAPTER 10
RAMA TALKS ABOUT FALSE EXPECTATIONS OF LIFE

Shri Rama continued with his dialogue.

Rama: Hey Great Rishi! Ego is creation of ignorance. Ego is the greatest culprit and the greatest enemy. Ego is root of all the miseries. Till ego is there the miseries and distresses will continue to crop up without any end.
Het Rishi Vishwamitra! Whatever offerings, good deeds, rituals, pilgrimages I have made, have been done with ego. Therefore all these activities done by me are worthless. What is the use of putting offering ash in Havan (Fire Worship)? Hence all the acts done with ego have no utility. Ego is the root cause of all the sorrows in this world.
Hey Great Sage! Kindly tell me the method to destroy ego. Only when ego will be destroyed; then only there can be liberation from the misery.
Hey Great Rishi! I am Rama. In fact it is not correct. I have no desires. I do not wish to have any desire. But if at all there is a desire, let that desire be the desire of destroying ego and pride. Therefore I earnestly request you to kindly teach me a way so that my Ego is destroyed.
END OF CHAPTER 1o
TO BE CONTINUED

May 29, 2011

YOGAVASHISHT - PART I

CHAPTER 9
RAMA TALKS ABOUT GIVING UP LUXURIES OF LIFE

Shri Rama continued with his talk with Rishi Vishwamitra.

Rama: Hey Revered Rishi! Just as water cannot stay upon a leaf, exactly in the same manner Laxmi cannot stay permanently with anyone. It is difficult to control air, but a knowledgeable person can control air also. It is very difficult to control lightening; but it is possible to control lightening also. But, when Laxmi decides to leave a person, no one can stop her.
A person who is constantly has desires to enjoy the luxuries and is slave to temptations of desires; his life is worthless. A person who, derives knowledge from the scriptures; yet is unable to give up desires, is carrying that knowledge like a burden.

Hey Rishi! The mind of the man is like the unlimited sky. The man has to control his mind with aid of the sense organs. If he is unable to control the mind, then in that case, his mind, as well as the body, becomes a yoke of that person. This life is meaningful only when the person achieves the ultimate status of peace and tranquility; otherwise this life is futile and of no use. The person, who is careless about controlling his desires, dies again and again and keeps drifting from one life to another, without achieving anything. A person who has blessings of Laxmi, yet he is entangled in the labyrinth of desires and satisfying the sense organs, is a fool. A frog, trapped in the mouth of snake, has desire of catching flies to fill his belly. Exactly in the same manner the man, who is a morsel in the mouth of Death, keeps thinking of satisfying his passions and desires.
Youth is like strong current of a river. Soon this youth turns into old age, which by itself is source of many miseries. The body becomes weak, and life keeps creeping to wards death. The Death keeps looking at the man just as a sensuous man keeps staring continuously at a beautiful woman. If the man considers the worldly possessions as true and real and tries to search for happiness in his wealth and belongings; such a person will never achieve spiritual bliss.

Hey Sage Vishvamitra! This universe is like the colorful rainbow, which is beautiful indeed, but does not provide any purpose. In the same way this universe is nothing but illusion. Therefore, realizing this world as an illusion, I have decided to become nir-vasana (Desire-less).

END OF CHAPTER 9

TO BE CONTINUED