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Yoga Vashisht

June 18, 2012





Rishi Vashish continued with his discourse regarding gatekeepers at the entrance door leading to Moksha (Liberation).

RISHI VASHISHT: O Ram Ji! The second gate keeper’s Name is VICHAR (Thought). VICHAR manifests in the mind when the mind is pure. In the jungle of Agyan, a tree grows which is bearer of troubles and grief. The mighty tree of Agyan can the felled only with the axe of VICHAR. Only when the tree of Agyan is felled, then you will be free of body-consciousness, and reach the state of tranquillity. Mighty elephant of attachment tramples the Lotus of mind of man. The huge elephant can be eliminated only by the lion named VICHAR.

O Ram Ji! A king first gives a thought to something which needs to be done, and then follows it up by Pursharth. By this process only a king can successfully rule his country. Four things can be achieved by VICHAR. They are Bala (Power or strength), Tej (enlightenment), Budhi (intelligence), Padarth (Material wealth). A person who takes support of VICHAR, he only achieves anything and everything which he strives for. Hence VICHAR is the greatest friend of man.

O Ram Ji! Kama (pleasure), Arth (Security), Dharma (righteousness) and Moksha (Liberation); the four Purshrthas are also obtained only with the help of VICHAR. A person who understands the difference between Sat (True) and Asat (untrue) is also with the help of VICHAR.

O Ram Ji! All the Krmas (actions) performed with due thinking and application of mind are always beneficial.

O Ram Ji! Where there is light, there cannot be darkness. Similarly where there is VICHAR, fears lurking due to worldly interactions and dealings just disappear. But, where the actions are performed without giving proper thought, the fears will always be there, which will ultimately lead to miseries and grief.

O Ram Ji! Vivek (Discrimination or conscience) is like a Raja (king) and VICHAR is like his Flag. Wherever Raja goes, his flag goes there first. Hence Vivek and Vichar cannot be separated from each other. Even persons with limited understanding, have crossed the ocean of this world by taking support of VICHAR. A person who thinks correctly understands that there is no difference between a wave and an ocean. Both are different forms of water. In the same way, a thoughtful person knows that bad times and good times are temporary and are phases of time only. This sort of thinking helps man to achieve the heights and a person reaches the Param-Pad (the final stage or emancipation).

O Ram Ji! This Sansar (world) is created by of attachments and infatuations. Due to thoughtlessness (AVICHAR) it appears to be full of grief, anguish and pain. A child due to his foolishness perceives his own shadow as a monster or a phantom and starts trembling. In the same way due to foolishness or AVICHAR a worldly man perceives the world full of miseries. But the same person, when he applies his mind and takes shelter of a Guru, becomes fearless and the delusion created by Sansar (world) disappears.

O Ram Ji! One who is thoughtful will always have self restraint (Samata) and thus will be able to harness the senses. Just as a seed sprouts, in the same way VICHAR also sprouts and a plant of Samata (self restraint) is born. One who is blessed by VICHAR, reaches the high state of Atam-Pad (State of Soul). This person gets knowledge of all the substances, by knowing which nothing else remains to be known. He does not get drawn into the cycle birth and death. He lives his life till he desires and then leaves the body and merges himself with the supreme soul.

O Ram Ji! I suggest to you to meditate upon Brahma, keep VICHAR of Brahma always in your mind, and thus, tighten your belt to swim across the ocean of the world. You should always be thinking of “Who am I?” and “How this Sansar (world) exists?” Only this advice is the pathway leading to Moksha (salvation).

END OF PART II Chapter 11


June 14, 2012





Rishi Vashisht continued his discourse regarding the Upadesh received from his father Brahma.

RISHI VASHIST: O Ram Ji! Now you should strive to reach that state where your mind becomes full of Atma-Gyan (Knowledge of Atma). Your mind should not be affected by anything that happens around you. In this state you neither experience happiness nor do you experience any grief. You should give up all the titles and honours bestowed upon you. These honours and titles fill your mind with ego and distract you from achieving your goal. This sort of person is focused upon the ultimate goal of Moksha. Just as light from moon does not give any heat, but calms the mind; in the same way a man who has befriended SUM (control of mind) is always in the state of Sat-Chit-Anand (Eternal bliss consciousness).

O Ram Ji! You will experience this state of mind only when you practice what I have told you. An Agyani will always be facing grief. The grief which is faced by an Agyani is such that it cannot be compared with anything else. To gain Atma-Gyan even if a person has to beg from the house of a Chandal (One who cremates dead bodies), one should not hesitate. Because to remain Agyani is the worst possible thing, which must be avoided at all costs. This knowledge which is being imparted to you, is the ultimate knowledge; and it has no comparison in all the Three Lokas (Three worlds i.e. heaven, earth and netherworld).

O Ram Ji! This knowledge is like the light of Sun which destroys darkness. Now O Ram Ji, listen to the description of the practice which is for the betterment of a person. Please listen to this with complete attention and concentration. To impart this knowledge there has to be a Guru who is highly learned and accomplished. Then there has to be a disciple who is willing and is ready to receive the knowledge. And also the Gyan (knowledge) has to be of very high quality. When the above three requirements are met with, the person is able to acquire the desired knowledge and finally experiences the bliss. Therefore it is essential that you should keep practicing what is told to you till you experience the ecstasy.

O Ram Ji! I am the Guru who can help you to achieve your goal. My company will help you to reach the state of Sat-Chit-Anand (Eternal bliss consciousness). Therefore one should give up pursuit of chasing the pleasures of flesh and body; which is sure way to lead one to unbearable miseries.

O Ram Ji! This world is an ocean of innumerable miseries. But a knowledgeable person, a Gyani can swim across this ocean comfortably. But an Agyani who gives up the practice of this knowledge, and starts running after the pleasures of the world, will ultimately be destroyed just as fire burns up a hut made of straws. A person, who gets infatuated by the comforts and pleasures, should consider them temporary like a flash of lightening. The possessions and pleasures last only for a limited time. They are not permanent at all.

O Ram Ji! Sometimes it so happens that a person walking in the night, with a lamp in his hand, falls in a pit. This happens because of his foolishness. In this world only a capable Guru is able to remove stupidity of a person. Guru is the guide and the knowledge is like a lamp. Till the guidance from the Guru is not there even the light of the lamp will be of no use.

O Ram Ji! In this world help of your sons or relatives is of no use. Even wealth of Kuber (God of wealth) will be of no use. Even bathing at holy places will not give you fulfilment. Worshiping the Gods is also a waste of time. The only thing which can help you achieve your goal is to triumph over your mind. This is because this world is a creation of your mind only. Being in command of of your mind is the only means by which you across the ocean of this world.

O Ram Ji! There four gatekeepers at the door leading to Moksha (Liberation). The name of the first gatekeeper is SUM (Control of Mind). The second gatekeeper is WICHAR (Thought). The third gatekeeper is SANTOKH (Satisfaction) and the name of the fourth gatekeeper is SADHU-SANG (Company of Sadhus). If you can befriend any one of these gatekeepers, you will enter the door leading to Moksha.

Now O Ram Ji! Listen about the first gatekeeper. This gatekeeper named SUM is greatly helpful to a person. In fact this SUM is Sat-Chit-Anand or Param-Pad or Shiv-Pad. O Ram Ji! This world is like an optical illusion. Just as a deer perceives mirage as water and starts running after it; similarly person who is an Agyani, keeps chasing the luxuries of life and never achieve anything but restlessness. Only that person, have gone across the ocean of world who has been able to be in complete command over his mind. A person with complete command over mind can convert even his enemies into friends. It is said that Lord Vishnu possesses two types of mind. One mind is within His body and His other mind dwells within the mind of saints and yogis. Exactly in the same way man also has two types of mind. One mind resides in man’s body and the other mind resides in SUM (Control of mind). When one meets a man with complete control of mind, he experiences happiness. Experience of this happiness is far greater than the happiness experienced in meeting the king of the country or meeting an attractive and beautiful woman. A man who has complete command over his mind is fit to be worshiped. A man with complete control of mind is never afraid of anyone; not even of ferocious animals like a lion or snake. Even in adverse situations this person remains completely composed and undisturbed.

O Ram Ji! A person who does not differentiate between good and bad Shabd (talk), Sparsh (touch), Roop (sight), Ras (Pleasure), Gandh (smell), i.e. all the things related to the sense organs; this person is called Shant-Atma (Soul at Peace). This person is like Akash (space) which is not attached to anything. Such a person does not become unhappy with the things not good or happy with things which are good. This person appears to be discharging his worldly duties, but is never attached to them. It is because this person’s Karmas (actions) do not adhere to him.

On the other hand a person whose mind constantly keeps differentiating between good and bad is always on fire, and far away from peace and tranquillity.

Therefore O Ram Ji! A person, who is desirous of achieving the enviable state of Moksha, has to make friends with the gatekeeper named SUM (Control of Mind).

END OF PART II Chapter 10


May 31, 2012



(Continued from Chapter 8)

Rishi Vashish continued his description regarding Upadesh received from his father Brahma.

RISHI VASHISHT: O Ram Ji! You have a right to listen to what I say, because you are a knowledgeable, learned and scholarly person. You possess positive qualities like Jap, Tap, Vairagya (Renouncement), Vichar (Intelect) and Santokh (Contentment). But, ordinary persons who are foolish and casual about their conduct do not deserve to listen to my discourse. There is a precious stone called Chandrakant. When it is kept under full moon, Nectar (Amrit) drips out of it. But this does not happen in case of ordinary stones.  In the same way a knowledgeable person can get benefit out of this discourse of mine. But for an ordinary person this discourse is worthless. O Ram Ji! You are person who is fit to achieve Moksha because you can understand what I am saying. A Chandra-Mukhi Lotus blooms only when there is full moon. But it does not bloom when there is no moon. Exactly in the same way, you will get benefit from what I am going to tell you, because you are fit disciple and I am an accomplished Guru.
Now! I am going to tell you the technique of achieving Moksha. If you reflect attentively upon my words, the ignorance which is inside you will be completely burned up; just as Mandaranchal Mountain was burnt up by the heat of Sun during the past apocalypse. 
O Ram Ji! You should still your Atma by practicing renouncement of worldly pleasures. In fact you have been practicing this since your childhood. There are people who have achieved the state of Moksha by Sat-Sang (Sat = True; Sang = Company i.e.  Company with an assembly of persons who listen to, talk about, and assimilate the Truth), and study of scriptures. Persons who achieve Moksha, never experiences unhappiness. The reason is that unhappiness and sorrow is outcome of ego and body consciousness. One, who has shunned ego, will never get entangled in attachments created by the body. In such a state a person perceives the entire universe full of bliss and ecstasy. In spite of doing all the Karmas in the world, this person always remains in state of Jivan-Mukta (one who has experienced Brahma).  
O Ram ji! The world is like a snake, which has entered the burrows of the human mind. These snakes cannot be driven out of the burrows of the minds excepting meditation and Mantra-Yoga (Mantra yoga is a science where the mantras are signposts to the wandering mind, steering it to an ambient poise for meditation).
O Ram Ji! A person, who has shunned Sat-Sang and study of Scriptures, suffers innumerable tortures in this world. This person considers possessions of the world as beautiful things. But unfortunately the wealth and assets and belongings are like a spinning wheel and are never permanent. These people suffer because they do not devote any time to gain the True knowledge.
O Ram Ji! A knowledgeable person, a Gyani, remains always calm and composed, though he appears to be performing all the duties of the world. This is because a Gyani has donned the Kawach (armour) of Gyan (Knowledge). This does not mean that great Rishis and Gyanis have never experienced unhappiness and sorrows. They have also experience melancholy and misery many times. But these learned persons have never lost their calm and tranquillity; but have accepted the miseries as fruits of their Karma.
O Ram Ji! The body, which is like a chariot, is pulled by the horses which are the sense organs. An Agyani, leaves the reins of the horses loos and thus, the sense organs get out of control and take the person to a wrong destination. But a Gyani, always holds the reins tight and keeps the sense organs under control which are very powerful like horses. Thus, a Gyani is always on the right track. This is the reason a Gyani person never experiences unhappiness and sorrows and always remains in the state of Sat-Chit Ananda (Eternal bliss consciousness).
END OF PART II Chapter 9

December 10, 2011



When Rama heard from Rishi Vashish, the reason of getting the Upadesh (knowledge) from his father Brahma, Rama asked a question.

RAMA: O all knowing Rishi! Kindly tell me in detail how the people of Jamboo Dweep became pure and knowledgeable after hearing the Upadesh?

RISHI VASHISHT: O Ramji! Brahma created this universe out of vibrations only. In fact Brahma himself is creation of vibrations. After creating the universe, Brahma created Time, which is in three Kalas, that is past, present and future. After passing away of very long time people started indulging into wrong deeds. They started going against the instructions given in Vedas. In this way, Dharma (righteousness) started disappearing. Raj-Dharma (law of land) started declining. People stated behaving in a manner as they liked, without giving a thought to right or to wrong. This behaviour caused lot of miseries to the entire mankind.

O Ramji! When Brahma saw this situation, he got worried. Brahma immediately called me, Sanat Kumars, and Narad Muni. He told us “O my sons! Go to Bhu-Loka (world) and instruct the people to establish Dharma once again. Those who want to enjoy luxuries and comforts of life; tell them to inculcate good deeds like Jap-Tap (prayers), Ishnan (cleanliness, hygiene, bath), Sandhya (Evening prayer). Those who want to achieve Moksha or ultimate liberation from cycle of birth and death, tell them the methods of gaining Braham-Vidya (knowledge of Brahma). With these instructions Brahma, our father Brahma, sent us to Bhu-Loka (World).

O Ramji! When we three, Sanat Kumars, Narad Muni and I, reached Bhu-Loka we sat together to think upon a plan, as to how should we proceed to fulfil the task entrusted to us. We decide that first we should appoint some one as Raja (King), who should make the people follow the rules of proper and good conduct. We empowered the Raja to penalize and punish the people who do not obey the orders. Therefore it was decided that the Raja should be a person who is very powerful physically and must be man of very high intelligence. He should also be a person who is upright and magnanimous.

O Ramji! We first gave the instructions for learning Brahma-Vidya to the Raja. Hence Brahma-Vidya is also called Raj-Vidya. Having done this, our next step was to create procedures for Jap-Tap(Prayers), Tyaga (Renunciation), Dana (Alms)) , Teertha (visit to holy places), Ishnan (cleanliness and hygiene; literally bath) and other good activities to be performed by the people of the world. We told the people that by doing these Karmas (deeds or actions) you will be happy.

O Ramji! Amongst the people at large we found some rare person who could give up ego and was striving for keeping the mind clean with an intension of achieving Moksha. Generally people were foolish who kept hankering for luxuries of life and were constantly trapped into the cycle of birth and death. Persons who had a pure mind, who worked without any motive, who performed their Karmas without expecting anything in return, were eligible for learning Brahma-Vidya or Raj-Vidya. Thus, we found that those persons performed their Krmas selflessly were more happy and easily achieved Moksha.

O Ramji! By getting Upadesh of Brahma-Vidya lot Rajas and ordinary persons who were well versed in the knowledge of Vedas, have reached the ultimate goal of Moksha.

O Ramji! Your father Dasrath also became knowledgeable in Brahma Vidya. Now you have also reached that stage when you should also be instructed into the sacred knowledge of Brahma Vidya. Your mind is pure naturally. Hence you are Uttam (best) amongst Uttam Purshas (men). (Rama ia also known as Purshottam ; Pursh = man and Uttam = best; i.e. Best amongst all the men)

O Ramji! You have all the luxuries and comforts of life at your command. There is nothing which can make you sad. Yet, on your mind has turned towards Vairagya (renunciation). This is the reason I say that you are Uttam amongst the entire mankind.

O Ramji! When people visit places like cremation grounds, they develop fear and develop detachment and renunciation from pains and pleasures of the material world. But this renunciation of worldly objects is very temporary. Once they come out of cremation ground, they become engrossed with the habits and traditions of the world and forget renunciation. But this is applicable to ordinary persons only. The persons who are noble and relatively superior, who are Shreshtha, hold the idea of renunciation unwaveringly and with unshakable determination. The Vairagya or renunciation which is developed without any cause or a reason is paramount. Just as an elephant feels happy and satisfied after breaking away with the chains, which tied him; exactly in the same way a Gyani (Knowledgeable) achieves his freedom by steadfastly practicing renunciation duly supported by study of scriptures. The persons who have gone ahead with spiritual practice under able guidance of his Guru has surely achieved the goal of breaking the cycle of birth and death and reached the coveted state of Moksha.

O Ramji! When a raging storm arrives, all the trees get uprooted, but the huge Banyan tree remains unaffected; in the same way the thoughtless and unwise persons get trapped in the cycle of birth and death and keep coming back to the world again and again. But a Gyani or a knowledgeable person remains unaffected by the worldly pleasures and relationships.

O Ramji! The persons who have given up the pleasures of life, considering them to be momentary and not everlasting, they cannot be once again enticed into falling back into the mire of the world. But! Those who are ignorant and unaware can never come out of the marsh of pleasures. Superior person is one who cares only for progress of his Atma. That person truly deserves to get the knowledge of Brahma-Vidya (Knowledge of Brahma).

O Ramji! The land is made supple by ploughing. Then only it becomes fit to receive the seed; in the same way I am trying to make your mind agile and alert to give you the ultimate knowledge. A Guru should give knowledge to only that person who is interested only in acquiring the knowledge of Brahma; one who is averse to the pleasures of life; and one who has complete faith in his Guru. True knowledge can only be imparted only when Guru and the disciple, both are Shreshtha (Superior). I find all the qualities in you which are prescribed in the scriptures for a deserving disciple. As a Guru, I am fully proficient and capable of imparting the required knowledge to you. Therefore you will attain your goal easily. Just as colour of turmeric stains white cloth easily, in the same way your clean mind will easily accept the knowledge which I am going to give to you.

O Ramji! I sincerely request you to bend your mind towards me, and have such a feeling (Bhavana) in your mind, so that you are able to receive full benefit out of my Upadesh. I am sure that a disciple like you will soon become a Braham-Gyani.

O Ramji! Now I am going to reveal to you the knowledge you have been waiting for. You should shun the friendship of a person whose mentality is evil and wicked. The door to the Moksha is guarded by four guards. These guards standing at the door leading to Moksha are fast friends. Their names are SUM (Control), SANTOKH (Satisfaction), VICHAR(Right Thinking) and SATSANG (Good/True Company). If you can be friends with these four guards, they will easily let you in and guide you to your destination.

O Ramji! In case you can’t make all four your friends then make three your friends. In case if making three your friend is difficult, you may try to be friends with only two. If that is also not possible you may become friend of only one of them. As I told you earlier that thses four guards are fast friends, hence being friend of any one will make you friend of all four. Where one goes, three others will follow him. Thus your path to wards Moksha will become very easy. Those who have made friends with these four have always been happy and satisfied. Those who have shunned these four friends have always been unhappy and see plenty of sorrows. In your mind is like clear and transparent water. Hence you will have no difficulty in achieving your goal. Due to extreme cold the water turns to ice and does not remain transparent any more, same is the case with persons with less knowledge. He is unable to see through and remains ignorant for ever. Mind of an Agyani or an ignorant person is like a hollow in the tree where sakes live. This sort of person can never achieve peace (Shanti).

END OF PART II Chapter 8

September 28, 2011


YOGAVASHISHT - PART II CHAPTER 7 ABOUT CREATION OF UNIVERSE AND CREATION OF RISHI VASHISH RishiVashisht continued with his Upadesh (discourse) and said.
RISHI VASHISHT: O Ramji! Please remember my words. These words are going to be your best friends and will eradicate all the sorrows of life. I am describing to you the path towards Moksha as stated in the scriptures. When you apply this method and put in your Pursharth, then only you will be successful in achieving your goal. A man’s Chit (Mind) keeps running after Bhoga (Enjoyment) of life. You should see that your Chit does not fall in the bottomless pit of Bhogas. One can renounce Bhogas only in the following way. Renouncing should be such that your Chit (Mind) never looks back to the Bhogas again. Listen to this with resolute mind. You will get lot of fulfilment by listening to this. O Ramji! The first step is to practice Sum and Dum. Living the life without any Vasanas (Desires), and living without any regrets about Bhogas (Enjoyments) is called Sum. Controlling the sense organs is called Dum. When you practice Sum and Dum sufficiently, then only you will involuntarily become aware of the Param Tatva (Supreme goal). This will be followed by Suvichar (Good thoughts); which will be followed by Param-Pada the ultimate liberation or Moksha. O Ramji! All those who have achieved the state of Param-Pada, never experiences any grief. This brings one to the state of permanent happiness and bliss. O Ramji! Now be prepared to receive the Upadesh (Teachings) given to me by my father Brahma Himself. On hearing these words Rama asked a question.

RAMA: O revered Rishi! Kindly tell me, for what reason Brahma gave you the Upadesh? Also please tell me how did you practice this Upadesh? Be kind enough to tell me this in detail.

RISHI VASHISHT: O Ramji! There is one Akash (space) which is pure and totally aware. This Akash is eternal and pervades all ages. This Akash is also another form of The Creator Brahma. This Akash is in form of vibrations and these vibrations established themselves as Vishnu. Vishnu is constant and stationary in spite of movements of the vibrations of Akash. Vishnu was created by the waves (Vibrations) of Akash which is pure and eternal. A Lotus flower grows out of navel of Vishnu and Brahma was created and sits upon the Lotus. Brahma created all the Rishis, Munis and all other species. That is why Vishnu is also called Padma-Naabh (Padma = Lotus ; Naabh = Navel) O Ramji! Brahma also created Rishi Manu, one who created laws for the society of human beings. In one corner of planet earth, there is a large island called Jumboo Dweep (Word Dweep means island). In this island called Jumboo Dweep there is a country called Bharat Varsh. When Brahma saw that population of Jumboo Dweep is unhappy and suffering, He created Tapasya (In Sanskrit tapasya, literally means "heat", refers to a personal endeavour of discipline, undertaken to achieve a goal, accompanying suffering and pain) and told the people of Jumboo Dweep to practice Tapasya (Penance with Meditation). O Ramji! After getting the orders from Brahma for performing Tapasya, people of Jumboo Dweep started following the directions of Brahma and as a result achieved lot of happiness. After the Punya of their good deeds were over, these people once again came back to the world of suffering.
O Ramji! When Brahma saw this he got worried. People did not get permanent happiness even with Tapasya. They had to come back again and again, in spite of Tapasya. Then Brahma created “Satvik Dharma”. Brahma directed people of Jumboo Dweep to follow “Satik Dharma”. By following the new Dharma, the same thing happened. People received lot of happiness in the beginning. But after the Punya of the new Dharma exhausted, they once again fell back to earth, and faced miseries. There after Brahma created Teertha (Holy places) and other Punyas. By going on pilgrimage to holy places and making offerings, they got lot of Punya and remained in Punya Loka for a long time. But when the Punyas came to end, they once again fell back to the planet earth, the place of miseries, and once again got trapped into cycle of birth and death.
O Ramji! Them Brahma started thinking to create a device to do away with cycle of birth and death. The cycle of birth and death is the root of all the miseries. There after Brahma reached at the conclusion that there is no other way but Atma Gyan is the only path for pemanant happiness. Brahma created Atma Gyan and directed the men and women to meditate upon Atma-Tatva (The basic element of creation). From the meditation as directed by Brahma, I (Rishi Vashisht) was created in the form of pure Atma Tatva Gyan (Knowledge of pure basic element). My form was un-manifest. At that time I was equal to Brahma. I carry Kamandal in my hand, just Brahma carries Kamandal in his hand (Kamandal = Oblong vessel carried by yogis to carry drinking water ) I wear beads of Rudraksh around my neck, Brahma also wears beads of Rudraksh around his neck. I carry deer skin to sit upon; Brahma also has deer skin to sit upon (A deer skin is the only animal skin considered appropriate for the yogi’s meditation seat (asana) because the vibration of the deerskin is neutral and therefore conducive to peace and tranquillity.). My form is Pure Knowledge. I do not perceive the world or universe. If at all I perceive the universe, I perceive it as Pure Bliss.
O Ramji! Brahma created me for good of the universe. But one in the form of Pure Knowledge can not possibly teach others in the form Pure Knowledge because he does not possess sense organs. Teaching is possible only through questions and answers. But it was not possible as I was in the form of Pure Knowledge. I was un-manifest, not visible. I did not have a body. In this form it was not possible to teach others. Considering these difficulties, Brahma made me sit in his lap, just as a father takes his son in his lap. He put his hand upon my head and told me “O Son! You make yourself Agyani (Ignorant) for some time. Noble persons do take some hardships upon themselves for good of society at large. You also become ignorant”. O Ramji! I was originally in the form of Pure Knowledge. Suddenly I became ignorant just like other common people. I felt I had a body just as all the people have. I became manifest and visible to the people. I started perceiving the things around me. I started calling myself Vashisht son of Brahma. I forgot the Knowledge, which was my original form. My sense organs started looking for pleasures of the world. I started perceiving the sorrows of the world. My mind started experiencing pain and sorrow. I got disturbed and went to my father Brahma and asked Him how this world is created, and how does it disappear? O Ramji! On my request, Brahma made Upadesh to me and thus my ignorance was shattered once again. Just as the whole world gets lighted up when the Sun rises, in the same way I also became pure with the knowledge given to me by Brahma. Having given me the knowledge of Atma Gyan, Brahma, and my father ordered me to go to Jumboo Dweep. He bestowed the title of Prajapati upon me. He gave me the authority of eight Prjapatis. I was told to spread the knowledge of Atma Gyan among the people of Bharat Varsh, who lived in Jumboo Dweep. O Ramji! Now you know how I was created and for what purpose. I am here in this word to fulfil the duty ordered by my father Brahma.

1. Rishi Vashisht says “This Akash is in form of vibrations and these vibrations established themselves as Vishnu”. This clearly means that everything is made out of vibrations. With contemporary knowledge it has been established that matter and energy are interchangeable. Matter is also a form of energy. The energy is nothing else but Electro Magnetic waves. Einstein was the first scientist to propose the E = mc2 formula and the first to interpret mass–energy equivalence as a fundamental principle that follows from the relativistic symmetries of space and time. By using Einstein's formula E=mc² we can discover that a tiny amount of matter is equivalent to a massive amount of energy. If 1 gram of matter could be totally converted into energy it would be enough to lift 15 million people to the top of mount Everest; or Boil 55million gallons of water or supply a town of 15000 people with electricity for a year.

2. Rishi Vashisht says “In one corner of planet earth, there is a large island called Jumboo Dweep (Word Dweep means island). In this island called Jumboo Dweep there is a country called Bharat Varsh”. We have a modern theory called “Plate Tectonics” The key principle of plate tectonics is that the lithosphere exists as separate and distinct tectonic plates, which ride on the fluid-like (visco-elastic solid) asthenosphere. Earth scientists agree upon the observation and deduction that the plates have moved one with respect to the other. The movement of the Plates is also called Continental drift. Continental drift is the movement of the Earth's continents relative to each other. Evidence for continental drift is now extensive. Similar plant and animal fossils are found around different continent shores, suggesting that they were once joined. There is also living evidence — the same animals being found on two continents. The continuity of glaciers, inferred from oriented glacial striations and deposits called tillites, suggested the existence of the supercontinent of Gondwana, which became a central element of the concept of continental drift. The Gondwana land which was a single mass of land started separating about 400 million yeas ago. Maps of earth at various periods can be see at the Youtubr video given below. Probably Rishi Vashisht is talking about JAMBOO DWEEP when Indian Sub-Continent was a huge island drifting towards China Mainland. This was time about 50 Million years ago. At that time Himalayas were not there. Himalayas were created only after Indian Plate collided against China mainland. This impact is not yet over. Still Indian plate is pushing against China mainland, and still Himalayas are rising. Till date Jamboo Dweep is remembered at the time of death rituals. The priest says “Janboo dweepe, Bharat varshe, Mumbai nagre ----------“ . The priest is creating a record, where he says that in Jamboo Dweep, in Bharat Varsh, in Mumbai city ---- such and such person died at particular date and time. So till date we consider Bharat situated in Jamboo Dweep. It clearly means that these rituals started while Bharat was an island. This further means that the Indian Society was highly developed ever 50 million years ago.
END OF PART II Chapter 7

August 22, 2011



Next day when the court of Raja Dasrath gathered; Rishi Vashisht continued telling Rama, about the qualities of Pursharth (Efforts).

RISHI VASHISHT: When a person puts in Pursharth to achieve the riches of this world, the mind encounters many worries and experiences grief. The mind fails to achieve stillness. However, you need not be disheartened O Ramji. You can free yourself from the cycle of birth and death by Pursharth done bravely and with determination. No god will come for your rescue. A person who has relied upon gods, he has lost everything, which includes Dharma (righteousness), Arth (money), Kama (pleasures of life) and Moksha. This person is lower than the lowest.
Whosoever has established himself in wisdom has done only with Pursharth. No one can achieve success without Pursharth. Even Guru Brihaspati had to put in lot of efforts to become Guru of god Indra, who is Raja of all gods. Shukracharya had to do Pursharth to become Guru of Asuras. The effort that serves some purpose, or to achieve a goal is called Pusharth.
O Ramji! When a person goes to visit far way Tirth Sthan (holy places), he has to keep travelling. If he sits down and becomes lazy, he will never be able to reach the Tirth Sthan. You can satisfy your hunger only when you eat food. Can you kill your hunger without eating? You can achieve your desired goal only by Purshartha. Nothing can be accomplished by sitting idle.
O Ramji! In this royal court of Raja Dasrath awe have lot many enlightened Gurus and Rishis. You can ask them; whether I am correct or not.
O Ramji! One has to constantly keep a watch over the demands of sense organs. One has to act according to the instructions enshrined in the scriptures. One should never do anything which is contrary to what is said in the scriptures.
O Ramji! Look at the persons who are very affluent and who possess remarkable amount of knowledge. They have achieved all this with their Pursharth. And those who gave up Pursharth have acquired the birth of lower forms of life like snakes, lizards, ants, and flies.
O Ramji! I advise you to act according to the sayings of enlightened souls and instructions of the scripture. By doing so, you can get rid of all the maladies of the world and life.
O Ramji! Lord Vishnu, in various incarnations has killed so many beings. But those actions do not get attached to Lord Vishnu as sins. The reason for this is that Lord Vishnu has reached the highest status though Pursharth. You can also get across the ocean of this world only through Pursharth. Hence there is no need to depend upon gods and waste precious time.

Rama asked a question.
RAMA: O all knowing Rishi! You say that there is no god. But, in this world it is believed that even a Brahmana (Priest) is also god. What ever happens happens with help of gods.

RISHI VASHISH: O Ramji! One has to suffer for the bad deeds done in the past. Karma is all powerful. No matter with what name you may call it, be it ‘god’ or ‘Purshartha’ it is one and same. Pursharth is the only god. The word ‘god’ has been coined by idiots, for idiots. Just as you do not see anything in the sky, similarly there is no god and is empty just like sky.

RAMA: O Rishi! You say that god is nothing, and is empty like sky. You agree that in the world the word god is popular. You also say that Pursharth is god. Therefore it implies that god is there.
RISHI VASHIST: O Ramji! I am telling you all this to permanently remove the notion and impression of god from your mind. Pursharth is your god. Vasana, which is the present consciousness formed from past Karmas, is in the mind. Whatever the mind of the man desires gets through Purshrtha. But at the same time one has to obtain the fruits of good or bad deeds done in the past, which may be happiness or sorrows. Therefore it is proved that Pursharth is not different from Karmas. Pursharth and Karmas (deeds done in past) are interrelated. Hence it is further proved that the cause for happiness and sorrows is Pursharth only. There is no god.
O Ramji! Please think over this matter.
RAMA: O great Rishi! When sorrows and happiness is controlled by Vasnas, or past Karmas; hence there is nothing that a man can do. A man does not have a will of his own. O Rishi! Please tell me some method to get rid of the effects of deeds of past. My past deeds have made me very weak.
RISHI VASHISHT: It is true that a person has to face the effects of his Vasanas and Karmas. But an intelligent person; with Pursharth can reverse and nullify the effects of past bad deeds. When you determine to be in the company of enlightened persons, when you study the scriptures and do your deeds as directed, your bad Vasnas will get dissolved.
O Ramji! Now understand, how to recognize the good and bad deeds of past. When your mind is constantly dragging you to the path contrary to the path as directed in the scriptures; when your mind entices you and drags to luxuries of life; then you should understand that your past deeds have been bad. But, when your mind urges you to be in the company of enlightened souls; when you develop aversion to the luxuries of life; then you should comprehend that your past deeds have been good.
O Ramji! From what you told Rishi Vishwamitra, it is clear that your past deeds have been good. For this reason you will be able to grasp the Shastras very quickly. You are alive. You are not an inanimate object.
O Ramji! I bless you to master the Brahma Vidya (knowledge of Brahma) with your Pursharth.

Bá¹›haspati is the son of Rishi Angirasa (according to the Rig Veda 4.40.1) and Surupa according to the Shiva Purana. He has two brothers named Utathya and Samvartana. He has three wives. His first wife Shuba gave birth to Bhanumati, Raaka, Archishmati, Mahamati, Mahishmati, Sinivali, and Havishmati, his seven daughters. His second wife Tara gives birth to seven sons and a daughter. Through his third wife Mamata, he has two sons, Kacha and Bharadwaja.
He attained his position as the Guru of the Devas, by performing penances on the banks of Prabhas Tirtha. Lord Shiva granted him this position, as well as his position as one of the Navagrahas (Nine Planets). Planet Brihaspati is Planet Jupiter. Thursday in India is known as Brihaspat.

Prabhas Patan, known popularly as Somnath Patan, is situated in Gujarat (Saurashtra), 7 km. from Veraval. This is a place of pilgrimage, or Tirtha, of the most popular Jyotirlinga of Lord Shiva, i.e., Somanath
According to tradition, here, Krishna is supposed to have left His mortal body at the end of Krishna avatar (Avatars), enacting the drama of being killed by a hunter who mistook Krishna for a deer and shot him

Shkracharya was a descendant of sage Kavi. The Devi-Bhagavata Purana refers to his mother as Kavyamata. The feminic natured Shukra is a Brahminical planet Venus. He was born on Friday hence, Friday is known as Shukravaar (Day of Shukra) in India. He went on to study the Vedas under the rishi Angirasa but he was disturbed by Angirasa's favoritism for his son Brihaspati. He then went to study under rishi Gautama. He later performed penance to Lord Shiva and obtained the Sanjivani mantra (a formula that revived the dead). He married Priyavrata's daughter Urjaswathi and they had four sons — Chanda, Amarka, Tvastr, Dharaatra and a daughter by name Devayani.
During this period Brihaspati became the Guru of the Devas. Due to the hatred he bore towards Vishnu for what he perceived as the murder of his mother as she had given shelter to some Asura whom Vishnu was hunting, Shukracharya decided to become the Guru of Asuras. He helped them achieve victory over the Devas and used his knowledge to revive the dead and wounded among them.
The fact is that the Devas and Asuras were among two sections of Aryan kings and rishis out of which one section was worshiping deities called the Devas and the other, deities called the Asuras. These Deva-Asura differences were aggravated to such an extent that at a later period, his descendants and followers had to leave Sapta Sindhu(presnt day indus valley comprising os Sindh and Punjab) and settle elsewhere, probably in Iran. The priests of the Ahura-worshiping sect of Ahura Mazda of Iran are called Atharvans. Shukracharya was a strict worshiper of Agni. One can see that the followers of Ahura Mazda, present day Parsis in India, still worship Agni or Fire.
Devayani was the daughter of Shukracharya, who was rejected by the son of Brihaspati, Kacha. She later marries Yayati who founds the Kuru dynasty. In the time of the Mahabharata, Shukracharya is mentioned as one of the mentors of Bhishma, having taught him political science in his youth.



August 19, 2011



Rishi Vashisht continued with topic of Purshartha (Efforts)

RISHI VASHISHT: O Ramji! Chitta (Conscious Mind) of a person dwells constantly in desires. When a persn’s Chitta keeps dreaming only and does not put in any efforts to fulfil the desires; such a person will never achieve happiness.
O Ramji! Purshartha, the effort is of two types. The first is which is done, according to Shastras (Scriptures). The second is one which is done against the directions given in Shastras and by whims and fancies of a person.
O Ramji! Anubhava (Experience) brings knowledge. And knowledge leads one to Anubhava. Anubhava also creates memory. This shows that a person gets what he strives for. A person, who has power due to his past karmas, does Pursharth as commanded by Shastras.
Sanskaras are impressions derived from past experiences that form desires that influence future responses and behavior. There are two types of Sanskaras; auspicious and inauspicious. Auspecious Sanskaras are from Purab (North). Inauspicious Sanskaras are from Pashchim (South). Hence Sanskaras of North are more potent and powerful.
Though a person tries to remains in Satsang (company of learned), studies the scriptures yet he keeps flying back to the tree which is this world (This refers to re-birth). The Atma is not at rest.
A person with Pashchim Sankaras, which are weaker, can also achieve his goals, by remaining in company of learned (Satsang), by studying scriptures and putting in efforts as prescribed.
O Ramji! Whether one is having Sankaras of North or South, should not give up Pursharth. In short one can conquer the effect of Karmas (Past deeds) by putting in right type of Pursharth.
Now pay attention to qualities of Pursharth. According to persons who are knowledgeable, who are experts of Brahm-Vidya (Knowledge of Brahma) putting in effort with determination is called Pursharth. Pursharth is required to gain knowledge of Atma. With this knowledge one can get across the ocean of this world. What ever is achieved is achieved with Pursharth only. No god can help you in this.
If a person refuses to do Pursharth, with a belief that, what ever happens, happens with will of God; is an idiot. One should shun company and friendship of such a person. It necessary that a person must discharge duties assigned to him, and at the same time engages himself in good deeds. One must remain in company of enlightened souls. One must have discrimination of good and bad. It essential, that at the end of the day, one should recollect the good and bad deeds that he has done during the day. One must practice Santosh (satisfaction), Dhiraj (patience and tranquillity), Vairagya (detachment and renunciation) and slowly increase all these qualities. For doing this one needs Purshartha. By doing Purshartha to increase the said qualities, one reaches the ultimate state of Sat- Chit-Anand, the Bliss.
O Ramji! A person should try to give up attachment for wife, sons, daughters, relatives and Laxmi (wealth). One must boldly snap the ties and face the ocean of this world and try to swim across the ocean. Just as a trapped lion, with his muscle gets free from the strong ropes of the trap, in the same way a brave person swims across the ferocious sea of this world. This act of snapping the ties and reaching the goal of Sat-Chit-Anand is called Pursharth.
One has to do Sadhana (spiritual practice). What ever one has achieved by Sadhana is only through Pursharth. Nothing is possible without Pursharth. Just as one cannot extract oil out of a stone, similarly to obtain anything without Pursharth is an erroneous belief.
Therefore O Ramji! You should not depend upon gods for anything. You should depend only upon yourself and your Pursharth. One who gives up Pursharth, cannot please Laxmi (goddess of wealth). Laxmi will also dump him. A person who gives up Pursharth and acts as per his whims and fancies will never find happiness.
O Ramji! You should practice writing with the pen of intelligence with ink of your good thoughts, on paper of your mind. Writing the true thoughts in this fashion is called Pursharth. When you practice this sort of Pursharth, it will not be possible for you to get trapped into nets of this world.
O Ramji! One dwells in company of enlightened persons, and also does study of the scriptures; yet does not put in efforts to contemplate upon the interpretations of the scriptures; he will not be able to reach the ultimate goal. A person who possesses Amrit (potion of immortality), but does not drink it; will not become immortal.
O Ramji! Agyanis (not knowledgeable persons) waste their entire life. In childhood a person is innocent and ignorant; in youth he is mad after sense pleasures like women and wine; and in old age he looses all the energy, and is not able to do anything. Thus, the entire life is wasted. And finally he takes shelter of gods. Person, who takes shelter and support of gods, sows the seed of his own destruction.
O Ramji! I have thought a lot upon this subject. A person, who procrastinates, leads a life of animals. Hence, I suggest to you to depend entirely upon your own efforts, and nothing else.

Rishi Valmiki who was narrating this to Rishi Bharad waj, said that when Rishi Vashisht finished saying these words, it was evening. All the persons in the court of Raja Dasrath, bowed to the King and Rishis and left the court hall and went back to their homes for bath and Sandhya (Evening prayer). Next day after sun rise they again came back to the court hall to listen to Rishi Vashisht.